West German Chancellor Willy Brandt kneels down during his visit in the former Jewish Ghetto of Warsaw on December 7, 1970 (AP Photo/file).


Preliminary Reflections on Political Forgiveness

May 26, 2016

The inability to overcome grievances haunts international relations and often undermines a nation’s core interests. In a new policy brief, Ambassador Wendy Sherman examines the conditions necessary for political forgiveness. More ›

See Also:

Matthew Bunn: Obama's Mixed Nuclear Legacy More ›


History Isn't a Playbook

Beware misguided analogies, warns Ali Wyne.

Read Here ›



A New-Old Plan to Save the World

And why Stephen Walt believes it will fail.

Read Here ›




Rebecca Harms

May/June 2016

"The Fusion of Civilizations"

Foreign Affairs

By Lawrence Summers, Charles W. Eliot University Professor and Kishore Mahbubani

The mood of much of the world is grim these days. Turmoil in the Middle East, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths and  millions of refugees; random terrorist attacks across the globe; geopolitical tensions in eastern Europe and Asia; the end of the commodity supercycle; slowing growth in China; and economic stagnation in many countries—all have combined to feed a deep pessimism about the present and, worse, the future.



Flickr Creative Commons

May 12, 2016

The real significance of Prime Minister Modi's address to Congress

The Hill

By Ronak D. Desai, Affiliate, India and South Asia Program

Speaker of the House Paul Ryan announced earlier this month that he has invited Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to address a joint session of Congress on June 8. This will be the Indian leader’s fourth trip to the United States in two years. Although the invitation is a potent reminder of the robust ties between the Washington and New Delhi, its real significance lies elsewhere: it is the final step in Prime Minister Modi’s political rehabilitation in the United States.



May 11, 2016

"Sustaining the nuclear watchdog with a grand budgetary bargain"

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

By Trevor Findlay, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

"On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake struck the east coast of Japan. Fifty-six minutes later the seismic safety experts at the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) concluded that the event, and its accompanying tsunami, could damage nuclear power plants in the region. The Agency’s Incident and Emergency Centre was activated, declared to be in “full response mode” and staffed continuously 24 hours a day for the following 54 days. Approximately 200 agency personnel were diverted from their normal activities to the Fukushima disaster response, keeping in touch with Japanese authorities, advising concerned member states and coordinating offers of assistance. Fukushima-related activities ended up consuming all unencumbered funding in the agency’s safety and security budget for 2012 as well as requiring a one-off transfer of funds from other major programs. This incident illustrates graphically the hand-to-mouth existence of what is popularly known as the “nuclear watchdog.”...



George Bush Presidential Library

Spring 2016

"Deal or No Deal? The End of the Cold War and the U.S. Offer to Limit NATO Expansion"

International Security, issue 4, volume 40

By Joshua R. Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Former Associate, International Security Program, 2012–2013; Former Research Fellow, International Security Program, 2011–2012

During the 1990 German reunification negotiations, did the United States promise the Soviet Union that it would not expand NATO into Eastern Europe? Although no written agreement exists, archival materials reveal that U.S. officials did indeed offer the Soviets informal non-expansion assurances, while keeping open the possibility of expansion and seeking to maximize U.S. power in post–Cold War Europe.


<em>International Security</em>

The spring 2016 issue of the quarterly journal International Security
is now available

  1. On Political Forgiveness: Some Preliminary Reflections
  2. Why the United States Should Spread Democracy
  3. China's Carbon Emissions Report 2015

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