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Hui Zhang

Mailing address

One Brattle Square 531
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Mailbox 134
Cambridge, MA, 02138

Hui Zhang

Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Contact:
Telephone: 617-495-5710
Fax: 617-496-0606
Email: Hui_Zhang@harvard.edu

 

Experience

Hui Zhang is a Senior Research Associate at the Project on Managing the Atom in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.  Hui Zhang is leading a research initiative on China's nuclear policies for the  Project on Managing the Atom in the Kennedy School of Government. His researches include verification techniques of nuclear arms control, the control of fissile material, nuclear terrorism, China's nuclear policy, nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation, policy of nuclear fuel cycle and reprocessing.

Before coming to the Kennedy School in September 1999, he was a post-doctoral fellow at the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University from 1997-1999, and in 1998-1999, he received a post-doctoral fellowship from the Social Science Research Council, a MacArthur Foundation program on International Peace and Security. From 2002-2003, he received a grant for Research and Writing from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Hui Zhang received his Ph.D. in nuclear physics in Beijing in 1996.

Dr. Zhang is the author of several technical reports and book chapters, and dozens of articles in academic journals and the print media including Science and Global Security, Arms Control Today, Bulletin of Atomic Scientist, Disarmament Diplomacy, Disarmament Forum, the Non-proliferation Review, Washington Quarterly, Journal of Nuclear Materials Management , INESAP, and China Security. Dr. Zhang gives many oral presentations and talks in international conferences and organizations.

 

 

By Date

 

2014

Hong Kong Nuclear Investment Co.

April 16, 2014

"China Needs to Promote a Strong Nuclear Security Culture"

Op-Ed, Global Times

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

China has substantially advanced its nuclear security system, but China should take further steps to install a complete, reliable, and effective security system to ensure that all its weapon-usable nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, and nuclear transports are effectively protected against the full spectrum of plausible terrorist and criminal threats.

 

 

Winter, 2014.

"Securing China’s Nuclear Power Plants"

Journal Article, Journal of Nuclear Materials Management, volume 42

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Since September 11, 2001, China has substantially advanced its physical protection system, with a switch in focus from the traditional "guns, gates, guards" approach to an effective mixed approach, combining personnel with modern techniques. Then-Chinese Preident Hu Jintao emphasized at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit that, "In the future, China will further take nuclear security measures, make sure the security of its own nuclear materials and facilities, improve the overall nuclear security." This paper examines the specific and detailed physical protection approaches that are currently applied to China's nuclear power plants, and recommends further steps to improve China's existing nuclear security system.

 

 

Ministry of Public Security (Ch)

March 14, 2014

Securing China's Nuclear Future

Report

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom and Tuosheng Zhang

China’s approach to strengthening the security of its nuclear weapons, materials, and facilities plays an important role in facilitating strong global action on nuclear security. The purpose of this report is to provide a better understanding of Chinese perceptions of the threat of nuclear terrorism and attitudes toward the nuclear security challenge; to describe the current status of nuclear security practices in China and of planned improvements in rules and organization, management, and technologies; and to recommend steps for making further improvements. We hope our recommendations for strengthening China’s nuclear security will help China’s policy makers as they consider their options for the future.

 

 

CNNC Press Briefing Center

March 10, 2014

"How Beijing Can Help Prevent Nuclear Terrorism"

Op-Ed, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, China has indeed made strides in strengthening its system for protecting nuclear facilities and improving its so-called MPC&A—the material protection, control, and accounting of nuclear materials. In this Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists op-ed, Hui Zhang argues that to make sure nuclear security systems are actually implemented effectively, the development of a strong security culture—in which the relevant individuals hold a deeply rooted belief that insider and outsider threats are credible—is imperative...

 

 

March 6, 2014

"Options for China’s Nuclear Spent Fuel Management"

Presentation

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Dr. Hui Zhang presented "Options for China’s Nuclear Spent Fuel Management" at the Workshop on Strategic Nuclear Issues in East Asia, Beijing, China March 5-6, 2014.

 

 

Feb 18, 2014

"Securing China’s Weapon-Usable Nuclear Materials"

Journal Article, Science & Global Security, The Technical Basis for Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation Initiatives, issue 22, volume 1

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

This article describes the status of China’s military and civilian nuclear programs, fissile material production and associated nuclear facilities, and the Chinese nuclear experts and officials’ perspectives on the nuclear terrorism threat. It gives details of China’s nuclear security practices, attitudes, and regulations, as well as identifying areas of concern. The article recommends ways to strengthen China’s nuclear material protection, control, and accounting systems and suggests opportunities for increased international cooperation.

 

2013

May 31, 2013

"China's Nuclear Policy: Changing or Not?"

Op-Ed, Power & Policy Blog

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

"The new defense white paper released by China on April 16 has sparked a debate over whether China is changing its nuclear policy, because this new paper, unlike previous editions, did not reiterate China’s long-standing no-first-use nuclear weapons doctrine. Is China changing its nuclear policy?"

 

 

May 24, 2013

"Western Hypocrisy Over Chinese Nukes"

Op-Ed, Asia Times

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

"A defense white paper released by China on April 16 has invited a debate over a shift in its nuclear policy, because this new paper, unlike previous editions, did not reiterate China's long-standing no-first-use nuclear weapons doctrine."

 

 

May 22, 2013

"China's No-First-Use Policy Promotes Nuclear Disarmament"

Op-Ed, The Diplomat

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

"If China abandons its no-first-use nuclear pledge, which has guided China's nuclear strategy since  its first nuclear test in 1964, it would severely undermine the global disarmament process, potentially preventing the U.S. and Russian from further reducing their nuclear arsenals and even encouraging the U.S. to expand its nuclear forces. Is China really changing its nuclear policy?"

 

 

AP Photo

April 22, 2013

"China Moves Cautiously Ahead on Nuclear Energy"

Op-Ed, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom and Shangui Zhao, Former Research Fellow, Project on Managing the Atom/International Security Program, September 2012–March 2013

"Although China has every intention of continuing nuclear energy development, in the aftermath of Fukushima it has approved a number of plans to enhance safety standards. All of them emphasize that the pace of growth should be controlled to minimize risk."

 

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