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Yun Zhou

Yun Zhou

Associate, Project on Managing the Atom




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July 2010

"China's Current Spent Fuel Management and Future Management Scenarios"

Conference Paper

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

China's recent nuclear energy ambitions have put it in the forefront of research and development in the nuclear industry.This paper will first discuss the status of China's current spent fuel management methods and storage capability. Second, this paper will estimate and calculate the accumulated spent fuel and required spent fuel storage up to 2040 based on three different nuclear development scenarios. Third, future spent fuel management scenarios from now to 2040 are designed and financial costs and proliferation risks are evaluated and discussed associated with each scenario. Last, policy recommendations will be provided for the future spent fuel.


Oct 1, 2012

"The Status of Advanced Small Pressurized Water Reactors"

Journal Article, Nuclear Power Engineering, issue 5, volume 33

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

In order to expand nuclear power energy in desalination and increase competitiveness in the global nuclear power market, many developed countries with strong nuclear technology have realized the importance of Small Modular Reactors (SMR) and initiated heavy research and development in SMR.The Advanced Small Pressurized Water Reactor (ASPWR) is characterized by great advantages, both in safety and economic mattters. It can be used in remote power grids and replace mid/small size fossil plants economically.This paper reviews the history and current status of SMR and ASPWR,and also discusses the design concepts, safety features and other advantages thereof.




Recommendations for Small Light Water Reactor Development in China

Journal Article, China Nuclear Power, issue 1, volume 5

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Abstract: This paper summarizes the history and features of advanced small light water reactor (ASWR), and provides recommendations and strategies on ASWR research and development in China. the ASWR can be used in remote power grid and replaces mid/small size fossil plant economically, and thus can be an important part of energy saving and emission reduction policy. the safety and economy characteristic of ASWR are able to effectively expand nuclear energy marekt in emerging countries and developing countries. therefore, ASWR should be considered as a critical part of China's nuclear technology and equipment export strategy.



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"Characteristics and Advantages of the Advanced Small Pressurized Water Reactor"

Journal Article, Nuclear Power, volume 5

By Peipei Chen and Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

The Advanced Small Pressurized Water Reactor (ASPWR) can be used in remote power grids and replaces mid/small size fossil-fuel plants economically. Current ASPWR deeply adopts modular and integrated pressure vessel design—and a passive safety system—which effectively improves plant safety and economy. This paper performs the comparative study of safety and economy features in ASPWR and large PWRs. The authors suggest that China should start R&D programs in ASPWR.



AP Photo


"China's Spent Nuclear Fuel Management: Current Practices and Future Strategies"

Journal Article, Energy Policy, issue 7, volume 39

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

Although China's nuclear power industry is relatively young and the management of its spent nuclear fuel is not yet a concern, China’s commitment to nuclear energy and its rapid pace of development require detailed analyses of its future spent fuel management policies. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of China's fuel cycle program and its reprocessing policy, and to suggest strategies for managing its future fuel cycle program.



AP Photo

February 2011

"Is China Ready for Its Nuclear Expansion?"

Journal Article, Energy Policy, issue 2, volume 39

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom, Christhian Rengifo, Peipei Chen and Jonathan Hinze

This paper aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of the Chinese nuclear energy program and policy, reviewing its past, present, likely future developments, as well as to consider potential challenges that deserve further attention. This paper will explore reasons that have caused the existing industry, describe China's nuclear bureaucracy and decision making process to understand how different stakeholders play a role in China's nuclear energy development. This study concludes that China's existing nuclear program and industry, in combination with its current stable economic and political environment, provides a sound foundation for the planned nuclear expansion. However, challenges which are crucial to the success of the nuclear expansion will need to be addressed.



AP Photo

Forthcoming July 2010

"The Security Implications of China's Nuclear Energy Expansion"

Journal Article, Nonproliferation Review

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

This article examines and evaluates security measures at Chinese civilian nuclear power plants and suggests ways to improve them. It also reviews current export control policies and systems, identifies likely challenges to the expanding nuclear sector, and proposes possible solutions.



AP Photo

July 2010

"Why is China Going Nuclear?"

Journal Article, Energy Policy, issue 7, volume 38

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

This study investigates China's claim that nuclear energy is necessary to meet its growing energy demands by analyzing China's energy alternatives and assessing their likelihood of contributing to total Chinese capacity. By looking at China's transformative energy policy from several perspectives, this study finds that nuclear energy is indeed a necessity for China.


June 1, 2013

"China: The Next Few Years are Crucial for Nuclear Industry Growth"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Nuclear Engineering International, volume 58

By Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

After worldwide calls to action in the wake of the tsunami that devastated Fukushima Daiichi in March 2011, nuclear power plants have been shoring up their defenses for more than a year. Much has already been accomplished; many projects are only months away from realization. The end of 2013 marks the deadline for many countries’ medium-term actions. This article provides a country-by-country report which aims to give an overview of actions taken in most countries operating nuclear power plants.



AP Photo

February 2012

"China's Commercial Reactors"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Nuclear Engineering International, China Supplement

By Jonathan Hinze and Yun Zhou, Associate, Project on Managing the Atom

China's approach to civil nuclear power reactor development will determine the overall tenor of its nuclear power programme long into the future. Its approach, both domestically and through imports, is analyzed, with a focus on the next decade of deployment.



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