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Olli Heinonen

Mailing address

Littauer P-20
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Mailbox 53.
Cambridge, MA, 02138

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Telephone: 617-495-5663
Fax: 617-495-8963
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

Experience

Olli Heinonen is a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research and teachings include: nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, verification of treaty compliance, enhancement of the verification work of international organizations, and transfer and control of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Before joining the Belfer Center in September 2010, Olli Heinonen served 27 years at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. Heinonen was the Deputy Director General of the IAEA, and head of its Department of Safeguards. Prior to that, he was Director at the Agency’s various Operational Divisions, and as inspector including at the IAEA’s overseas office in Tokyo, Japan.

Heinonen led teams of international investigators to examine nuclear programmes of concern around the world and inspected nuclear facilities in South Africa, Iraq, North Korea, Syria, Libya and elsewhere, seeking to ensure that nuclear materials were not diverted for military purposes. He also spearheaded efforts to implement an analytical culture to guide and complement traditional verification activities. He led the Agency’s efforts to identify and dismantle nuclear proliferation networks, including the one led by Pakistani scientist A.Q. Khan, and he oversaw its efforts to monitor and contain Iran’s nuclear programme.

Prior to joining IAEA, he was a Senior Research Officer at the Technical Research Centre of Finland Reactor Laboratory in charge of research and development related to nuclear waste solidification and disposal. He is co-author of several patents on radioactive waste solidification.

Heinonen is the author of several articles, chapters of books, books, in publications ranging from the IAEA and nuclear non-proliferation issues, to regional nuclear developments. His writings and interviews have be published in various newspapers and magazines including: Foreign Policy, The Wall Street Journal, the Guardian, the Bulleting of the Atomic Scientists, Arms Control Today, Der Spiegel, Le Monde, the Helsingin Sanomat, the New York Times, the Mehr news, Die Stern, the Haaretz, the New Statesman, the Washington Post, the BBC, and the Time. His policy briefings have been published by the Belfer Center,  the Atlantic Council, the Nautilus Institute, the Institute for Science and International Security, the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center,  the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and the Carnegie Endowment.

Olli Heinonen studied radiochemistry and completed his PhD dissertation in nuclear material analysis at the University of Helsinki.

 

 

By Date

 

2014

AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais

March 27, 2014

"Nuclear Kingdom: Saudi Arabia's Atomic Ambitions"

Policy Brief, Washington Institute for Near East Policy

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Olli Heinonen and Simon Henderson write that although Iran's nuclear potential will likely dominate talks between President Obama and King Abdullah on March 29, Riyadh's own nuclear plans should also be part of the discussion.

 

 

AP Photo

March 24, 2014

Takeaways from the IAEA report on the implementation of the Joint Plan of Action

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Olli Heinonen summarizes his takeaways from the IAEA report “Status of Iran’s Nuclear Programme in relation to the Joint Plan of Action,” March 20, 2014.

 

 

Mark Holtzhausen

March 2014

"Verifying the Dismantlement of South Africa's Nuclear Weapons Program"

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

"In its 2010 annual Safeguards Statement [...] the IAEA determined that it 'found no indication of the diversion of declared nuclear material from peaceful nuclear activities and no indication of undeclared nuclear material or activities. On this basis, the Secretariat concluded that, for these States, all nuclear material remained in peaceful activities.' This rolling safeguards report that provided a yearly review of the status of IAEA member states’ nuclear activities was noteworthy as South Africa was, for the first time, included in the above group of states."

 

 

March 11, 2014

"Remarks on the Report of the Defense Science Board 'Assessment of Nuclear Monitoring and Verification Technology'"

Presentation

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Olli Heinonen writes that though that there is no foolproof plan to chart outcomes, it remains very much within our control to take certain steps and actions that can make the future less uncertain and better managed its direction. The Task Force Assessment Report on Nuclear Monitoring and Verification Technology by the Defense Science Board is essential in providing a forward-looking framework and recommendations to better prepare us to prevent and shape nuclear proliferation choices.

 

 

January 28, 2014

Implementation of the Iran Nuclear Deal

Testimony

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Testimony on the implementation of the Iran nuclear deal by Belfer Center senior fellow Olli Heinonen before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs's Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade, and Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa.

 

2013

December 19, 2013

"Iran Plays Games with the Geneva Deal"

Op-Ed, Arms Control and Regional Security for The Middle East

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Orde Kittrie

Nearly a month since the six-month Joint Plan of Action with Iran was announced in Geneva on November 24, the deal has yet to go into effect.  The two sides have noteven agreed on a start date for implementing the deal. Meanwhile, Iran says it is continuing to advance its nuclear program.

 

 

November 18, 2013

"Iran's Nuclear Narrative Needs to Be Challenged"

Op-Ed, Washington Institute for Near East Policy

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

A full explanation of Tehran's past and current nuclear activities should be a vital part of any interim agreement.

 

 

AP Images

November 13, 2013

"Strengthening the IAEA Safeguards Regime"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

A paper presented at The 12th Republic of Korea-United Nations Joint Conference on Disarmament and Non-proliferation Issues, Non-Proliferation Regime in the 21st Century: Challenges and the Way Forward, Jeju, Republic of Korea 14-15 November 2013.

 

 

October 30, 2013

"The Need for Speed in Negotiations with Iran"

Op-Ed, Washington Institute for Near East Policy

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Talks with Iran are gaining momentum, but its centrifuges are still enriching uranium, and its Arak facility may soon be capable of producing plutonium.

 

 

October 25, 2013

"South Africa - Verification Lessons from the Dismantled Nuclear Program"

Presentation

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

"South Africa - Verification Lessons from the Dismantled Nuclear Program"

presented in:

Nuclear Exits

Countries Foregoing the Nuclear Option

International Congress

Helsinki, Finland 18th -19th October, 2013

 

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