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Olli Heinonen

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

 

By Topic

 

AP

October 2014

"Key Limitations on Iran’s Uranium Enrichment Program"

Op-Ed

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In the preamble of the November 2013 Joint Plan of Action (JPOA), the P5+1 concurred that a comprehensive agreement would involve an Iranian domestic enrichment capability. This concession, immediately pocketed by Tehran, marked a fundamental change in the negotiations. Instead of a complete suspension of enrichment and reprocessing activities, as called for in multiple Security Council resolutions and a foundational plank of all previous negotiating positions, the P5+1 negotiators are now attempting to reach a comprehensive agreement with Iran that will establish a credible “threshold time window,” or “breakout time,” which would provide sufficient time to detect breakout and give the international community adequate time to respond to Iranian violations.

 

 

AP Photo/Joe Klamar, Pool

February 2015

"Changing the Operating Parameters of Centrifuges is NOT a Credible Solution to Gain Time"

Op-Ed

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The following memo addresses one proposal mentioned in recent press reporting on the negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran. The result of such proposals recognizes Iran as a nuclear threshold state, which status the Task Force rejects.

 

 

JAEA

December 3, 2014

"International Efforts for Ensuring Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Nonproliferation, and Expectations for Japan"

Speech

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Senior fellow Olli Heinonen delivered the keynote speech at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency International Forum on ongoing proliferation concerns and the future of Japan's nuclear policy.

 

 

UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

August 2014

"Possible Frameworks for Verification of a WMD/DVs Free Zone in the Middle East - The Nuclear Dimension"

Policy Brief, Academic Peace Orchestra Middle East, issue 33

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

This policy brief argues that, on balance, a Middle East Nuclear Weapon Free Zone would be better off relying on IAEA verification and safeguards at the beginning. Over the medium- to longer- term, given the political will, financial, and human resources, the regional states could invest in a regional authority to build up their own capacity and thereby contribute to strengthening mutual confidence and trust.

 

 

AP

November 21, 2014

"Regional Nuclear Plans in the Aftermath of an Iran Deal"

Op-Ed

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

While the purpose of multilateral negotiations with Iran is to reduce proliferation concerns, successful talks may in fact accelerate nuclear plans in the Gulf states and Jordan, writes Senior Fellow Olli Heinonen.

 

 

AP

November 20, 2014

"Provisions to Limit Future Iranian Illicit Procurements for Its Nuclear Programs"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and David Albright

This proliferation-sensitive procurement architecture should remain in place for the duration of the comprehensive agreement. The six powers must carefully plan for eventualities now and design and implement an architecture that prevents future Iranian illicit procurements under a comprehensive agreement.

 

 

AP

November 2014

The Iranian Nuclear Programme: Practical Parameters for a Credible Long-Term Agreement

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) are continuing negotiations to achieve a comprehensive nuclear agreement. Whilst the wider political context to such an agreement is of importance, the key concern at this stage of the negotiations must revolve around ensuring that any agreement guarantees Iran is left without a pathway to making nuclear weapons.

 

 

AP

November 5, 2014

"A New Approach to Resolve Military Aspects of Iran’s Nuclear Program"

Op-Ed

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and David Albright

In a recent appearance in Washington, DC, the IAEA’s Director General Yukiya Amano repeatedly emphasized that the military nuclear issues need to be addressed and solved. It is time for the IAEA to chart a new course before its lack of progress in resolving this issue collides with the effort by the world’s powers and Iran to achieve a nuclear deal by November 24. The IAEA, with the support of the United States, must act quickly.

 

 

AP

October 20, 2014

"How the international safeguards regime can benefit from efforts to enhance the identification method used for UF6 cylinders"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Improvements to the current methods used by nuclear industry to track and  identify uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders would benefit International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, nuclear inspectorates, and regulatory authorities, as well as facility operators. A move towards a standardized UF6 cylinder identifier is gaining momentum within industry. A National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) team has analyzed how a cylinder identification and monitoring system could be useful to IAEA safeguards and has also engaged industry stakeholders to seek feedback on concepts related to unique cylinder identification and monitoring. While industry initiative is central to developing a system for identifying UF6 cylinders, the IAEA has been monitoring the maturation of identification/tracking technologies in support of possible safeguards use at facilities at the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle.

 

 

AP Photo

July 29, 2014

"Statement of Olli Heinonen before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations"

Testimony

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In my testimony, I will focus on the verification aspects of elements needed in a comprehensive nuclear agreement with Iran, which is being negotiated as a next stage to the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) concluded in Geneva on 24 November 2013.

 

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