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Olli Heinonen

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

 

By Topic

 

AP

October 20, 2014

"How the international safeguards regime can benefit from efforts to enhance the identification method used for UF6 cylinders"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Improvements to the current methods used by nuclear industry to track and  identify uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders would benefit International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, nuclear inspectorates, and regulatory authorities, as well as facility operators. A move towards a standardized UF6 cylinder identifier is gaining momentum within industry. A National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) team has analyzed how a cylinder identification and monitoring system could be useful to IAEA safeguards and has also engaged industry stakeholders to seek feedback on concepts related to unique cylinder identification and monitoring. While industry initiative is central to developing a system for identifying UF6 cylinders, the IAEA has been monitoring the maturation of identification/tracking technologies in support of possible safeguards use at facilities at the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle.

 

 

AP Photo

July 29, 2014

"Statement of Olli Heinonen before the United State Senate Committee on Foreign Relations"

Testimony

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In my testimony, I will focus on the verification aspects of elements needed in a comprehensive nuclear agreement with Iran, which is being negotiated as a next stage to the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) concluded in Geneva on 24 November 2013.

 

 

Getty Images

July 23, 2014

"A North Korean in Iran"

Op-Ed, Foreign Policy

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

The death from natural causes of an old man in North Korea this month should have been the closing chapter of the tale of Pakistan's nuclear and missile cooperation with the Hermit Kingdom. Instead, it may mark the next episode in the saga of Iran's controversial nuclear program.

 

 

Getty Images

July 22, 2014

“The Six’s” Guiding Principles in Negotiating with Iran

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The recent negotiations in Vienna have shown that the principles driving the positions of the “The Six”--the United States, Britain, France, Germany, China, and Russia--differ markedly from those of Iran. Based on several discussions with senior members of the Six, the principles underpinning a deal must include: 1) sufficient response time in case of violations; 2) a nuclear program meeting Iran’s practical needs; 3) adequate irreversibility of constraints; 4) stable provisions; and 5) adequate verification.

 

 

Getty Images

July 2014

"Five Challenging Decades of IAEA Safeguards"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Since 1972, IAEA safeguards has played a pivotal role in providing assurances that states live up to their NPT commitments. Today, the NPT and the IAEA continue to remain as foundations to the peaceful use of nuclear energy and preventing proliferation. Over the span of time over which international safeguards has been around, it has been far from a static story.

 

 

Vahid Salemi / AP

June 30, 2014

"Comprehensive Agreement in Works"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In our dealings with the Iran nuclear issue, it is important to look at it from a strategic rather than a fire brigade, putting-out-small-fires short-term approach with regards to Iran’s nuclear aspirations. This is a choice of Realpolitik with long-term consequences.

 

 

June 2014

"International Atomic Energy Agency Inspections in Perspective"

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The nuclear nonproliferation regime continues to face a broad array of challenges. It is easy to see why new solutions are needed. The world is undergoing rapid changes on many fronts—including technologically. The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) entered into force 40 years ago. It should not surprise us that the solutions of 1970 are not a perfect fit to the challenges of the 21st century.

 

 

Getty Images

June 10, 2014

Olli Heinonen's Testimony on 'Verifying Iran’s Nuclear Compliance'

Testimony

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In my testimony today, I will focus on the verification aspects of elements needed in a comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran, which is being negotiated as a next stage to the Joint Plan of Action concluded in Geneva on 24 November 2013. I base my remarks on the implementation of the comprehensive safeguards agreement and relevant UN Security Council resolutions in Iran, and complemented with experiences drawn, in particular from the IAEA verification activities in South Africa after its dismantlement of its nuclear weapons program, Syria and North Korea.

 

 

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

June 2014

"Laser and gas centrifuge enrichment"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

With the onset of new gas centrifuge enrichment capacities, the World Nuclear Association expects that there will be in 2020 87 million SWU available to satisfy the estimated need of 60 million SWU. Most of the world’s enriched uranium will be produced by AREVA, CNNC, GLE, ROSATOM, and URENCO. In the light of these developments, there should be fairly little economical or security reasons for another country or commercial entity to embark on large enrichment projects elsewhere.

 

 

June 3, 2014

Five Compromises to Avoid in a Comprehensive Agreement with Iran

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

A long term, comprehensive solution under the Joint Plan of Action needs to ensure Iran uses nuclear energy for exclusively peaceful purposes. Any such agreement will be complex and require a range of interrelated provisions. We have evaluated five commonly discussed proposals based on a set of criteria, including breakout potential, reversibility, stability, and verifiability and found them flawed.

 

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