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Olli Heinonen

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

 

By Date

 

2014 (continued)

June 2014

"International Atomic Energy Agency Inspections in Perspective"

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The nuclear nonproliferation regime continues to face a broad array of challenges. It is easy to see why new solutions are needed. The world is undergoing rapid changes on many fronts—including technologically. The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) entered into force 40 years ago. It should not surprise us that the solutions of 1970 are not a perfect fit to the challenges of the 21st century.

 

 

Getty Images

June 10, 2014

Olli Heinonen's Testimony on 'Verifying Iran’s Nuclear Compliance'

Testimony

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In my testimony today, I will focus on the verification aspects of elements needed in a comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran, which is being negotiated as a next stage to the Joint Plan of Action concluded in Geneva on 24 November 2013. I base my remarks on the implementation of the comprehensive safeguards agreement and relevant UN Security Council resolutions in Iran, and complemented with experiences drawn, in particular from the IAEA verification activities in South Africa after its dismantlement of its nuclear weapons program, Syria and North Korea.

 

 

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

June 2014

"Laser and gas centrifuge enrichment"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

With the onset of new gas centrifuge enrichment capacities, the World Nuclear Association expects that there will be in 2020 87 million SWU available to satisfy the estimated need of 60 million SWU. Most of the world’s enriched uranium will be produced by AREVA, CNNC, GLE, ROSATOM, and URENCO. In the light of these developments, there should be fairly little economical or security reasons for another country or commercial entity to embark on large enrichment projects elsewhere.

 

 

June 3, 2014

Five Compromises to Avoid in a Comprehensive Agreement with Iran

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

A long term, comprehensive solution under the Joint Plan of Action needs to ensure Iran uses nuclear energy for exclusively peaceful purposes. Any such agreement will be complex and require a range of interrelated provisions. We have evaluated five commonly discussed proposals based on a set of criteria, including breakout potential, reversibility, stability, and verifiability and found them flawed.

 

 

May 2014

"The IAEA Verifications System in Perspective"

Report Chapter, volume 137

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Much of the achievements to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons can be attributed to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and to the work of the nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Nonetheless, the new cases of proliferation reveal weaknesses in the IAEA verification systems, and illustrate states’ willingness to circumvent international safeguards. These cases also highlight the need to recognize that safeguards verification is a work in progress that must adapt to evolving challenges and technology

 

 

AFP/Getty Images

May 16, 2014

"Monitoring, Verification and Compliance Challenges for a Final Nuclear Deal with Iran"

Transcript

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

“If we look at a little bit bigger picture and draw the lessons from the previous implementation of safeguards in Iran after 2003, read the lessons from North Korea, read the lessons from Syria, read the lessons from Libya, the most difficult thing is to confirm the absence of undeclared material and activities. This has traditionally been the big weakness of verification system.”

A transcript of a Foundation for Defense of Democracies' panel featuring Senior Fellow, Olli Heinonen.

 

 

AFP/Getty Images

April 29, 2014

"Why the Monitoring of Movements of UF6 Cylinders Matters"

Presentation

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

As the growth of nuclear industry during the coming decade is considered to increase, the number of cylinder shipments will expand accordingly. Beyond that, new vendors with less experience will enter the uranium conversion and enrichment market. Under such a scenario, there is no reason to discount the disappearance of interest to nuclear proliferation or illicit trafficking of nuclear material. Thus an enhanced system to track UF6 movements is a must. Better to be safe than sorry.

 

 

AP Photo

March 27, 2014

"Nuclear Kingdom: Saudi Arabia's Atomic Ambitions"

Policy Brief, Washington Institute for Near East Policy

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Olli Heinonen and Simon Henderson write that although Iran's nuclear potential will likely dominate talks between President Obama and King Abdullah on March 29, Riyadh's own nuclear plans should also be part of the discussion.

 

 

AP Photo

March 24, 2014

Takeaways from the IAEA report on the implementation of the Joint Plan of Action

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Olli Heinonen summarizes his takeaways from the IAEA report “Status of Iran’s Nuclear Programme in relation to the Joint Plan of Action,” March 20, 2014.

 

 

Mark Holtzhausen

March 2014

"Verifying the Dismantlement of South Africa's Nuclear Weapons Program"

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

"In its 2010 annual Safeguards Statement [...] the IAEA determined that it 'found no indication of the diversion of declared nuclear material from peaceful nuclear activities and no indication of undeclared nuclear material or activities. On this basis, the Secretariat concluded that, for these States, all nuclear material remained in peaceful activities.' This rolling safeguards report that provided a yearly review of the status of IAEA member states’ nuclear activities was noteworthy as South Africa was, for the first time, included in the above group of states."

 

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