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Olli Heinonen

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Telephone: 617-495-5663
Fax: 617-495-8963
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

 

By Date

 

2013 (continued)

October 18, 2013

"In Response to Recent Questionable Claims about North Korea’s Indigenous Production of Centrifuges"

Op-Ed, India & Global Affairs

By David Albright and Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

After reading the summary paper presented at a conference in Seoul on September 25, 2013, “New insights into North Korea’s gas centrifuge enrichment program” by Joshua Pollack, with the aid of R. Scott Kemp, we remain unconvinced about its central conclusions.  In particular, we disagree with several that have been widely reported in the media, such as that policies based on export controls, sanctions and interdiction “won’t get much traction” and a verifiable denuclearization deal may be “out of reach.”1  We have identified several problems from the summary of the forthcoming analysis which would undermine those as well as other conclusions they draw.

 

 

AP Images

September 23, 2013

"Nuclear Talks With Iran: Diplomacy and Diminishing Time"

Op-Ed, Policy Watch, 2146

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Stopping Iran's increasingly rapid progress toward becoming a de facto nuclear weapons state requires significant diplomatic progress, and quickly.

 

 

AP Images

September 6, 2013

"Rouhani and Iran's Nuclear Progress"

Op-Ed, Policy Watch

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Iran's new president will soon be tested on his ability and willingness to address international concerns about his country's nuclear program.

 

 

IAEA

July 12, 2013

"IAEA Safeguards - Evolving to Meet Today’s Verification Undertakings"

Conference Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The 45-year-old NPT anchors states’ commitment to prevent the diversion of nuclear energy to nuclear weapons. The IAEA’s 40-year-old Model Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) premises its verification standard on the early detection of diversion of nuclear material to nuclear weapons or purposes unknown.  The Agency’s mission in ensuring that nuclear uses remain solely peaceful has been challenged and remains the case in North Korea, Iran, and Syria. There are lessons to be drawn from the IAEA’s inspection process concerning these countries, and in that context, future adjustments of safeguards methods to consider.

 

 

July 6, 2013

"On Iran"

Op-Ed, The Economist

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

In a letter to the editor of the Economist, Olli Heinonen and Simon Henderson respond to an earlier published letter on Iran's nuclear plans. They write:

Sir, We noted the letter (June 29th (http://www.economist.com/news/letters/21580127-iran-coastal-homes-mexico-city-prismlondon-publishing-bosses-newcastle)from Sir Richard Dalton in response to your leader on Iran. We were concerned by this passage: “You did not mention that Iran has a policy of converting its 20% enriched uranium into oxide, ready for research-reactor fuelmaking. This puts the material beyond use for bombs (short of a time-consuming, detectable and technically demanding process to turn it back into gas, which can be discounted in the medium term).”

 

 

May 2013 Update

Nuclear Iran: A Glossary of Terms

Report

By Simon Henderson and Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

At a time when the possibility of military action against Iran's nuclear program is being debated, the need for a clear understanding of the issues and the controversial science and technology behind them has never been more acute. Toward that end, the Washington Institute and Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs have copublished an interactive online glossary of terms used in the discussion about Iran, prepared by proliferation expert Simon Henderson and Olli Heinonen, former deputy director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

 

 

Spring 2013

"Insights on the Nuclear Negotiations with Iran"

Op-Ed, Middle East Journal, volume 67

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Written at a time when Iran's nuclear issue, a subject of diplomatic efforts since 2003, remains unresolved, it would be reasonable to glean what explanations the book can provide to this end. Meanwhile, Iran has steadily progressed toward nuclear weapons capability and continues to disregard UN Security Council and IAEA resolutions. It is subject to increasingly tightened international sanctions and censure. Can Iran move away from steps that have caused its economy to tailspin and walk away from an isolated path?

 

 

Kaeri Photo

March 29, 2013

Safeguards for Pyroprocessing Plants

Media Feature

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Senior Fellow Olli Heinonen discussed pyroprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, its proliferation risks, and safeguards.

 

 

Published by Springer

April 2, 2013

Assessment of the Nuclear Programs of Iran and North Korea: Foreword

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

During the last two decades, there have been successes but also disappointments in fighting against nuclear proliferation. On the positive side, we witnessed the dismantlement of nuclear weapons programs in South Africa, Iraq, and Libya.

 

 

defenseimagery.mil

April 2013

"Verifying a WMD/DVs Free Zone in the Middle East"

Policy Brief

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Benjamin Bonin, Edward Ifft, Roberta Mulas, Hartwig Spitzer, Khaled Abdel Hamid, Nisreen Al Hmoud, Ephraim Asculai, Christian Charlier, David Friedman, Dorte Hühnert, Tariq Rauf, Ibrahim Said and Jean-Pascal Zanders

This Policy Brief outlines key arms control verification concepts, their practical application under existing treaties, and the associated verification challenges likely to be encountered in the context of a WMD/DVs Free Zone in the Middle East. While the challenges may appear daunting, we share the opinion that the subject of verification may actually offer unique opportunities for regional dialogue, exchange, and even confidence building.

 

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