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Olli Heinonen

Olli Heinonen

Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Contact:
Email: olli_heinonen@hks.harvard.edu

 

 

By Date

 

2013 (continued)

Published by Springer

April 2, 2013

Assessment of the Nuclear Programs of Iran and North Korea: Foreword

Book Chapter

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

During the last two decades, there have been successes but also disappointments in fighting against nuclear proliferation. On the positive side, we witnessed the dismantlement of nuclear weapons programs in South Africa, Iraq, and Libya.

 

 

defenseimagery.mil

April 2013

"Verifying a WMD/DVs Free Zone in the Middle East"

Policy Brief

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Benjamin Bonin, Edward Ifft, Roberta Mulas, Hartwig Spitzer, Khaled Abdel Hamid, Nisreen Al Hmoud, Ephraim Asculai, Christian Charlier, David Friedman, Dorte Hühnert, Tariq Rauf, Ibrahim Said and Jean-Pascal Zanders

This Policy Brief outlines key arms control verification concepts, their practical application under existing treaties, and the associated verification challenges likely to be encountered in the context of a WMD/DVs Free Zone in the Middle East. While the challenges may appear daunting, we share the opinion that the subject of verification may actually offer unique opportunities for regional dialogue, exchange, and even confidence building.

 

 

IAEA

March 15, 2013

"Iran's Nuclear Clock and World Diplomacy"

Op-Ed, Policy Watch

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Talks with Iran in Turkey next week and in Kazakhstan next month are important, but Tehran still needs to clarify the details of its controversial nuclear program.

 

 

AP Images

January 22, 2013

"The Middle Eastern Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone (WMDFZ)- Nuclear Verification"

Conference Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Christian Charlier

The establishment of a WMDFZ in the Middle East is a real challenge for the international community taking into consideration the absence of favorable conditions such as the mutual states recognitions as political entities with established diplomatic relations, and stability. To start with, there is no one single model for existing Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (NWFZ). Each existing NWFZ treaty had introduced elements, including creative legal arrangements, and unique features depending on the specificities of each zone. The current treaties of the South Pacific NWFZ, the Southeast Asian NWFZ, the African NWFZ, the Latin American NWFZ, and the Central Asian NWFZ, can be studied and applied where relevant. So, too, there exist organizations responsible for the verification of these treaties (IAEA, OPCW, CTBTO). The case of the Middle East will be more complex since the treaty is envisioned to cover all weapons of mass destruction including biological and chemical as well as their delivery vehicles. A large number of political, historical, technical, and verification issues need to be factored into the Treaty. In other words, working on a WMDFZ means the necessity to deal with all WMD aspects together. Progressing the WMDFZ further means looking at a composite picture of statesí concerns and relations in the region that just counting weapons reduction alone.

 

 

AP Images

January 15, 2013

"Critical Monitoring and Verification Issues In Northeast Asia"

Op-Ed, The Nautilus Institute

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

In this short report Olli Heinonen addresses critical monitoring and verification issues arising from Morton Halperinís proposal†for a nuclear weapons free zone as a new approach for the security in Northeast Asia.

 

2012

IAEA

December 20, 2012

"IAEAís Integral Role in Ending the Iranian Nuclear Crisis"

Op-Ed, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Mark Hibbs

There is a small opening to resolve the Iranian nuclear crisis after the conclusion of the U.S. presidential election, write Mark Hibbs and Olli Heinonen.†"Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called this a 'window of opportunity,' and it is beginning to focus minds on identifying the necessary components of a package deal that will put Iran, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and UN Security Council powers squarely on a path toward conflict resolution."

 

 

AP Images

November 27, 2012

Understanding the IAEA's Mandate in Iran: Avoiding Misinterpretations

Report

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, David Albright and Orde Kittrie

Much attention has focused on Iran's advancing nuclear program, on the peace and security concerns which that program has raised, and on the international policy debate over how to respond to that program. Far less attention has been paid to the various legal-sounding arguments used by Iran and a few academics to call into question the mandate of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to investigate and make determinations about actual or suspected violations of Iranís legal obligations.

 

 

IAEA

November 5, 2012

"Iran's Nuclear Ambitions and Future Prospects"

Paper

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

International diplomacy efforts dealing with Iranís nuclear program continue to fill the daily news headlines. The efforts of P5+1, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) have tried, in various formats, to encourage and enforce Iran to comply with the provisions of the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) and its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) to ensure that Iranís nuclear program is not used as a cover for the development of nuclear weapons. The challenge of discovering what has taken place as well as currently with Iranís nuclear ambitions is difficult not only because of Tehranís obstructionism, but also because the same nuclear technologies, particularly uranium enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing, can be used for both civilian and military purposes.

 

 

October 23, 2012

"Nuclear Iran: Technical Issues Overshadowing Negotiations"

Op-Ed, Policy Watch

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Simon Henderson

Although both Washington and Tehran deny reports that they have agreed to bilateral nuclear negotiations, the rumors will prompt fresh debate about what concessions the United States can or should make.

 

 

October 12, 2012

"Critical Monitoring and Verification Issues In Northeast Asia"

Op-Ed

By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

This paper addresses critical monitoring and verification issues arising from the proposal of Morton M. Halperin on a new approach for the security in Northeast Asia.

 

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