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Monica Duffy Toft

Monica Duffy Toft

Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

 

 

By Date

 

2009 (continued)

AP Photo

June 30, 2009

"A Risky Prospect for Iraq"

Op-Ed, Foreign Policy

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

"As American troops pull back from Iraq's urban areas, a central question is whether Iraq's forces will be able to secure the peace. If history is any guide, Iraq's security forces face a challenging task. Ending civil wars and keeping them ended is not easy. Iraq faces three critical risk factors."

 

 

AP Photo

April 2009

"Nasty, Brutish and Long"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Prospect, issue 157

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

It’s a busy time for civil wars. The Sri Lankan army has pushed far into Tamil territory, seeking a decisive victory. The killings in Northern Ireland show how spoilers try to gain advantage over rivals in any political process. Then there is the threat that recently pacified civil wars, such as those in Iraq and Sudan, will come back, while the global recession may push new ones forward.

 

2008

AP Photo

September 2008

"Russia's Recipe for Empire"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Foreign Policy

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

Russia’s recent campaign against Georgia is a textbook example of how powerful states forged empires in centuries gone by. For those who have forgotten, here’s how it’s done.

 

 

AP Photo

June 2, 2008

"Why Islam Lies at the Heart of Iraq's Civil War"

Op-Ed, Christian Science Monitor

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

"...[N]ot until 2007 did the Pentagon acknowledge that Iraqi sectarian violence had crossed a threshold to become a civil war.

But policymakers still haven't come to terms with the implications of that fact. If they did, they'd see that a wisely executed withdrawal of US-led forces could well be the surest path to peace. That's because withdrawal is likely to transform the fighting in Iraq into a defensive struggle for power in a nation-state, as opposed to an offensive battle rooted in religion."

 

2007

June 2007

"The Myth of the Borderless World: Refugees and Repatriation Policy"

Journal Article, Conflict Management and Peace Science, issue 2, volume 24

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

This essay explores the impact of the end of the Cold War on the counter-refugee-crisis policies of the United Nations and its strongest member states.

 

 

Spring 2007

"Getting Religion? The Puzzling Case of Islam and Civil War"

Journal Article, International Security, issue 4, volume 31

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

This article argues that overlapping historical, geographical and, in particular, structural factors together with an absence of an internecine religious war, the proximity of Islam’s holiest sites to Israel, large petroleum reserves, and jihad account for Islam’s higher representation in civil wars.

 

2006

November 13, 2006

"Iraq is Gone. Now What?"

Op-Ed, Washington Post

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

"...the stability and prosperity of a post-civil-war state depends in large measure on how the war ends."

 

 

September 2006

The Fog of Peace and War Planning: Military and Strategic Planning under Uncertainty

Book

By Talbot C. Imlay and Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

This volume sets out to examine and analyse how governments and military organizations planned for an uncertain and potentially threatening future during four different peacetime periods spanning from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the aftermath of the Second World War.

 

 

September 6, 2006

"Strategic and Military Planning under the Fog of Peace"

Book Chapter

By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs. and Talbot C. Imlay

"...in their scope and diversity, the cases provide an excellent overview of the challenges confronting military planners over the last two hundred years."

 

 

September 6, 2006

"Conclusion: Seven Lessons Learned from the Fog of Peace"

Book Chapter

By Talbot C. Imlay and Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs.

"...the fog of peace can never be entirely pierced. Flexibility and constant cultivation of the ability to question received wisdom and to reconsider assumptions are the best security against catastrophic failure in a future war, regardless of whether that war resembles a more traditional interstate war or the current war on terror."

 

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