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Joseph S. Nye

Joseph S. Nye

Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

Member of the Board, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Telephone: (617) 495-1123
Fax: (617)-496-3337



By Date


2008 (continued)

March 28, 2008

"Transformational Leaders Are Not Always Better"

Op-Ed, Christian Science Monitor

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"More than two centuries ago, the newly independent American colonists had a transformational leader in George Washington. Nonetheless, they invented a very different type of institutional leadership when James Madison and other transactional leaders negotiated the Constitution and later explained it in the Federalist Papers."



March 18, 2008

"America Must Learn the Hard Facts of Soft Power"

Op-Ed, The South China Morning Post

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"Soft power is not good per se, and it is not always better than hard power. Nobody likes to feel manipulated, even by soft power. But soft power allows followers more choice and leeway.

Hard power has not become irrelevant, but leaders must develop the contextual intelligence to combine hard and soft power resources into a "smart power" strategy. The next US president will need to learn that lesson."



AP Photos

March 14, 2008

"Judging the Capacity to Govern"

Op-Ed, The Boston Globe

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"...The rigors of our prolonged election campaign in a variety of state caucuses and primaries provide some clues about stamina and self discipline. Tears have destroyed some candidates in the snows of New Hampshire while helping others. How a candidate relates to his or her political party platform, while often derided, tells us something about independence and future appointments. But most important is biography.

While latter day conversions and acting can disguise character, an integrated life over time is the best source of clues about the authenticity of the next president's temperament and how he or she will govern."



March 14–March 20, 2008

"Hard vs Soft Power: Contenders in the US Presidential Race Must Respond to a Changed World"

Op-Ed, Nepali Times

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"The fact that the final three contenders in the US election race are a woman, an African-American, and an older man who often challenged his own party suggests that the United States, after a decline in popularity during the Bush years, retains some capacity to reinvent itself. But the next president will need to recognise that the nature of leadership also is changing."



March-April 2008

"Toward a Liberal Realist Foreign Policy: A Memo for the Next President"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Harvard Magazine, issue 4, volume 110

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"On January 20, you will inherit a legacy of trouble: Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Palestine, North Korea for starters. Failure to manage any one of them could mire your presidency and sap your political support—and threaten the country’s future. At the same time, you must not let these inherited problems define your foreign policy. You need to put them in a larger context and create your own vision of how Americans should deal with the world."



February-March 2008

"Recovering American Leadership"

Journal Article, Survival, issue 1, volume 50

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"Leaders are those who help groups create and achieve shared goals. Traditionally, the leaders in international politics have been the most powerful states. However, while hard military power counts for more in the context of international politics than it does in democratic domestic politics, even in international relations conquest, or pure coercion, is not leadership, but mere dictation. Disproportionate power, sometimes called 'hegemony', has been associated with leadership, but appeals to values and ideology also matter, even for a hegemon...."



February 2008

The Powers to Lead


By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

Joseph S. Nye, Jr. offers a sweeping look at the nature of leadership in today's world, in an illuminating blend of history, business case studies, psychological research, and more. As he observes, many now believe that the more authoritarian and coercive forms of leadership—the hard power approaches of earlier military-industrial eras—have been largely supplanted in postindustrial societies by soft power approaches that seek to attract, inspire, and persuade rather than dictate.



February 13, 2008

"Europe's Power to Lead"

Op-Ed, Cypress Mail

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"European countries’ success in overcoming centuries of animosity, and the development of a large internal market, has given them a great deal of soft power. At the Cold War’s end, East European countries did not try to form local alliances, as they did in the 1920s, but looked toward Brussels to secure their future. Similarly, countries like Turkey and Ukraine have adjusted their policies in response to their attraction to Europe."



January 27, 2008

"Global Governance: To Strobe Talbott, It's Inevitable, To John Bolton, It's Surrender"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Washington Post

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"From start to finish, these books reflect their authors' very different sensibilities. Bolton opens with his experience as a student campaign volunteer for Goldwater in 1964 and spends most of the book recounting his political battles in great detail. Talbott begins with a wide-ranging and lofty discourse on the concepts of empires, nations and states in world history. Both books conclude with a discussion of global governance, which is where they wholly diverge."



AP Photo

January 14, 2007

"Taiwan and Fear in US-China Ties"

Op-Ed, Taipei Times

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"The US has a broad national interest in maintaining good relations with China, as well as a specific human rights interest in protecting Taiwan's democracy. But the US does not have a national interest in helping Taiwan become a sovereign country with a seat at the UN, and efforts by some Taiwanese to do so present the greatest danger of a miscalculation that could create enmity between the US and China."



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