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Joseph S. Nye

Joseph S. Nye

Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

Member of the Board, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Telephone: (617) 495-1123
Fax: (617)-496-3337



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Soft power (continued)

June 14, 2007

"Japan's Valued Role in Promoting Public Goods"

Op-Ed, Asahi Shimbun

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

This commentary comprises excerpts from a keynote speech Joseph S. Nye delivered May 26 in Tokyo at an Asahi Shimbun symposium on its 21 "Proposals for Japan's New Strategies" that ran in May 3 editions of The Asahi Shimbun and on May 23 in IHT/Asahi.



May 11, 2007

"Instability Has Damaged Turkey's International Standing"

Op-Ed, Daily Star

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"...[T]he invasion of Iraq also hurt Turkey, both economically and by strengthening the base for the Kurdish terrorist PKK organization operating from northern Iraq. The result has been a dramatic increase in anti-Americanism in Turkish politics. If the neocons had instead focused their attentions on strengthening the soft power of Turkey, they could have done far more to advance the cause of democracy in the Middle East."



Fall 2006

"Smart Power: In Search of the Balance between Hard and Soft Power (Book Review of Hard Power: The New Politics of National Security By Kurt M. Campbell and Michael E. O'Hanlon)"

Journal Article, Democracy: A Journal of Ideas, issue 2

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"When I developed the concept of soft power a decade and a half ago, the conventional wisdom was that the United States was in decline. As the late Senator Paul Tsongas put it in 1992, "the Cold War is over, and Japan and Germany won." As I was trying to understand why the declinists were wrong and why I thought the United States would be the leading country of the twenty-first century, I totaled up American military and economic power and realized that something was still missing: the enormous capacity of this country to get what it wants by attraction rather than through coercion. This attractive, or "soft," power stemmed from American culture, values, and policies that were broadly inclusive and seen as legitimate in the eyes of others."



December 29, 2005

"The Rise of China's Soft Power"

Op-Ed, Wall Street Journal Asia

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"In terms of political values, the era of Maoism (and Mao jackets) is long past. Although China remains authoritarian, the success of its political economy in tripling gross domestic product over the past three decades has made it attractive to many developing countries. In parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the so-called "Beijing consensus" on authoritarian government plus a market economy has become more popular than the previously dominant "Washington consensus" of market economics with democratic government. China has reinforced this attraction by economic aid and access to its growing market."



December 6, 2005

"Sullying Our Reputation"

Op-Ed, Chicago Tribune

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"...there is no way to take back the pictures of a soldier holding a Muslim on a leash or a hooded prisoner standing on a box with wires dangling from his body, but the fact that we have a free press, independent courts and a Congress willing to confront the executive and reaffirm the values expressed in the ban against torture provides us a similar measure of soft power."



January 25, 2005

"Rice Must Deploy More 'Soft Power'"

Op-Ed, Daily Star

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"Rising anti-Americanism around the world threatens to deprive the U.S. of the soft or attractive power that it needs to succeed in the struggle against terrorism. As Iraq has shown, hard military power alone cannot provide a solution. Poll after poll confirms that America's soft power has declined, particularly in the Islamic world...."



March 11, 2003

"Europe is too Powerful to be Ignored"

Op-Ed, Financial Times

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"From the coal and steel  community created after the second world war to today's European Union, Franco-German co-operation has created something unique in world   history. The union is not a new nation state with a mighty army. The  Europeans are not all in the same sovereign boat but the national boats are lashed together into an island of stability that is sui generis and  powerfully attractive to its neighbours. Witness the desire of central  Europeans and Turkey to join it."


Summer 2011

"What Role Should the U.S. Play in Middle East?"

Newsletter Article, Belfer Center Newsletter

By Graham Allison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Nicholas Burns, Roy and Barbara Goodman Family Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Relations, Harvard Kennedy School, Ashraf Hegazy, Former Executive Director, The Dubai Initiative, Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor and Stephen M. Walt, Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Affairs; Faculty Chair, International Security Program

The Belfer Center's Graham Allison, Nicholas Burns, Ashraf Hegazy, Joseph S. Nye, and Stephen Walt consider the U.S.'s shifting foreign policy in the Middle East.



March-April 2008

"Toward a Liberal Realist Foreign Policy: A Memo for the Next President"

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Harvard Magazine, issue 4, volume 110

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"On January 20, you will inherit a legacy of trouble: Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Palestine, North Korea for starters. Failure to manage any one of them could mire your presidency and sap your political support—and threaten the country’s future. At the same time, you must not let these inherited problems define your foreign policy. You need to put them in a larger context and create your own vision of how Americans should deal with the world."



February 13, 2008

"Europe's Power to Lead"

Op-Ed, Cypress Mail

By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor

"European countries’ success in overcoming centuries of animosity, and the development of a large internal market, has given them a great deal of soft power. At the Cold War’s end, East European countries did not try to form local alliances, as they did in the 1920s, but looked toward Brussels to secure their future. Similarly, countries like Turkey and Ukraine have adjusted their policies in response to their attraction to Europe."

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