The main aim of the ERD3 project, which is funded by a grant of $1.46 million from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation is to produce and promote a comprehensive set of recommendations for the next U.S. administration to accelerate the development and deployment of low-carbon energy technologies.
The core members of the ERD3 project are:
Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Co-Principal Investigator
Matthew Bunn, Co-Principal Investigator
Kelly Sims Gallagher, Senior Associate
Laura Diaz Anadon, Project Manager
Melissa Chan, Research Fellow (until December 2010)
Charles Jones, Research Fellow
Ruud Kempener, Research Fellow
Audrey Lee, Research Fellow
Nathaniel Logar, Research Fellow
Gabriel Chan, Research Assistant
The ERD3 project has three primary related but goals: (a) developing a methodology for assessing opportunities in energy research, development, and demonstration (ERD&D) investment and producing a set of comprehensive recommendations for the U.S. administration's investment in ERD&D; (b) preparing an annual analysis and set of recommendations on the Department of Energy's ERD&D budget, including, but not limited to, climate-change-related technologies; and (c) understanding the private sector's current role in carrying out and funding of ERD&D in United States and internationally, drawing conclusions about effective structures of public-private undertakings, areas of opportunity, and strategies on international cooperation on energy technology innovation.
The development of comprehensive policy recommendations for a greatly expanded U.S. federal energy-technology endeavor will require, amongst other things, a study of the effectiveness of past and current U.S. energy-technology innovation policies and programs, assessing the innovation system as a whole: from basic energy research to early deployment and widespread diffusion. The project will also develop a set of criteria for designing an expanded portfolio of federal ERD&D activities, identify any logistical, institutional, and distributional challenges to a large increase in spending and the widespread diffusion of low-carbon technologies, and discuss potential incentives to overcome such challenges.
On an annual basis the members of the Harvard ERD3 project will evaluate the U.S. federal energy research, development and demonstration spending. The project's assessments will be released with policy recommendations about how the appropriations could be improved from the perspective of needing to develop and deploy technologies to prevent climate change. This effort builds on the efforts of ETIP, which has been keeping track of federal ERD&D expenditures dating back to 1978.
Finally, it is crucial to study and compare energy-technology innovation activities in the public and private sectors in Europe, Japan, China, India, Brazil, and other large economies to better understand the global picture of energy technologies. The analysis of the private sector and international picture will also allow the ERD3 project to identify energy technology areas where the United States ought to be filling and benefitting from the gap.
The Harvard ERD3 project will convene workshops, and has a distinguished Advisory Committee with members from academia, industry, and the nonprofit sector. The dissemination of the project's final and intermediate analysis and recommendations regarding U.S. energy-technology innovation policy to appropriate stakeholders will be a crucial part of the ERD3 activities.
ERD3 Project Advisory Board Members:
Director of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Sally M. Benson
Executive Director, Global Climate & Energy Project
Professor at the School of Earth Sciences
Ivan Allen College
Professor at the School of Public Policy
Georgia Tech University
James A. Edmonds
Joint Global Change Research Institute
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Michael T. Eckhart
President, American Council for Renewable Energy
Robert A. Frosch
Senior Research Associate
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Harvard Kennedy School of Government
Bonifacio Garcia Porras
Member of the Cabinet
EU Energy Commission
Vice President of Innovative Solutions
Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Daniel M. Kammen
Professor at the Energy and Resources Group and the Goldman School of Public Policy
University of California, Berkeley
Director, Climate Center
Natural Resources Defense Council
Professor of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Director of the Industrial Performance Center
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Renewable Energy Market Development
Ernest J. Moniz
Professor of Physics and Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Donald L. Paul
Executive Director of the University of Southern California Energy Institute and William M. Keck Chair in Energy Resources;
Senior Advisor to the Center for Strategic and International Studies;
Founder and President of Energy and Technology Strategies
Dan W. Reicher
Professor of the Practice of Law
Executive Director of the Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance
Professor of Technology and Policy Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology
Director, Harvard University Center for the Environment
Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Jennie C. Stephens
Professor of Environmental Science & Policy
Department of International Development, Community, and Environment
David H. Wells
Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
Robert E. Williams
Senior Research Scientist
The Energy Group
On May 6, 2010, the ERD3 project advisory board held its third annual meeting at the Harvard Kennedy School. The board meets annually to discuss the progress of the ERD3 project. The project's final report will be released in early 2011 with recommendations about how to accelerate innovation in the United States to mitigate the climate change challenge. This effort builds on the efforts of ETIP, which has been keeping track of federal ERD&D expenditures dating back to 1978 and making recommendations about what funding levels and allocations would be needed to develop and deploy technologies. In photo from left to right are: Charles (Skuk) Jones, Kelly Sims Gallagher, Bob Frosch, Bob Williams, Dan Lashof, Venky Narayanamurti, Matthew Bunn, Henry Lee, Bonifacio Garcia-Porras, David Wells, Dan Arvizu, Laura Diaz Anadon, Dan Schrag, Dan Reicher, Nat Logar, Ruud Kempener, and Melissa Chan.
- Tackling U.S. Energy Challenges and Opportunities: Preliminary Policy Recommendations for Enhancing Energy Innovation in The United States by Laura D. Anadon, Kelly Sims Gallagher, Matthew Bunn, and Charles Jones.
- "DOE FY09 Budget Request for Energy Research, Development & Demonstration — Commentary" by Laura D. Anadon, Kelly Sims Gallagher, and Matthew Bunn.
- "A Technology-Based Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy for 2030" by Melissa Chan and Laura Diaz Anadon, presented at the U.S. Society of Ecological Economics 2009 Conference, Washington, D.C., June 1, 2009.
- DOE FY 2010 Budget Request and Recovery Act Funding for Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment: Analysis and Recommendations by Laura Diaz Anadon, Kelly Sims Gallagher, and Matthew Bunn
- "Expert Elicitation of Cost, Performance, and RD&D Budgets for Greenhouse Gas Reducing Strategies" by Melissa Chan and Laura Diaz Anadon, presented at the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS) 2009 Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 14, 2009.
- "Transforming Energy Innovation" by Venkatesh Narayanamurti, Laura D. Anadon, and Ambuj D. Sagar in Issues in Science and Technology (Fall 2009).
- "U.S. Public Energy Innovation Institutions and Mechanisms: Status & Deficiencies" by Laura D. Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Charles Jones, and Venkatesh Narayanamurti.
- DOE FY2011 Budget Request for Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment: Analysis and Recommendations by Laura Diaz Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Gabriel Chan, Melissa Chan, Kelly Sims Gallagher, Charles Jones, Ruud Kempener, Audrey Lee, and Venkatesh Narayanamurti.
- "Governmental Energy Innovation Investments, Policies and Institutions in the Major Emerging Economies: Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa" by Ruud Kempener, Laura D. Anadon, and Jose Condor.
- "Energy Innovation Policy in Major Emerging Countries" by Ruud Kempener, Laura D. Anadon, and Jose Condor.
- "Expert Elicitation of Cost, Performance, and RD&D Budgets for Coal Power with CCS" by Gabriel Chan, Laura D. Anadon, Melissa Chan, and Audrey Lee (pre-print version of a forthcoming article in Energy Procedia).
- International Workshop on Research, Development, and Demonstration to Enhance the Role of Nuclear Energy in Meeting Climate and Energy Challenges by Laura D. Anadon, Valentina Bosetti, Matthew Bunn, Michela Catenacci, and Audrey Lee.
- "Research, Development, and Demonstration for the Future of Nuclear Energy" by Laura D. Anadon, Valentina Bosetti, Matthew Bunn, Michela Catenacci, and Audrey Lee.
- Transforming U.S. Energy Innovation by Laura Diaz Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Gabriel Chan, Melissa Chan, Charles Jones, Ruud Kempener, Audrey Lee, Nathaniel Logar, and Venkatesh Narayanamurti
- "Transforming U.S. Energy Innovation" by Laura Diaz Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Gabriel Chan, Melissa Chan, Charles Jones, Ruud Kempener, Audrey Lee, Nathaniel Logar, and Venkatesh Narayanamurti
- "DOE Budget Authority for Energy Research, Development, & Demonstration Database" (for FY 2013) by Kelly Sims Gallagher and Laura D. Anadon.