Belfer Center Newsletter
By Pinar Akcayoz De Neve, Project Manager, Environment and Natural Resources Program
Pinar Akcayoz De Neve was part of a group from the Belfer Center’s Environment and Natural Resources Program and Harvard Kennedy School’s Center for Public Leadership who took part in the third Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik on Oct. 15. She shares her reflections on the experience here.
By Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Gabe Chan, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2012–2015, Alicia Harley, Kira Matus, Suerie Moon, Sharmila L. Murthy and William C. Clark, Harvey Brooks Professor of International Science, Public Policy, and Human Development; Co-director, Sustainability Science Program; Faculty Chair, ENRP
Sustainable development requires harnessing technological innovation to improve human well-being in current and future generations. However, poor, marginalized, and unborn populations too often lack the economic or political power to shape innovation processes to meet their needs. Issues arise at all stages of innovation, from invention of a technology through its selection, production, adaptation, adoption, and retirement.
December 8, 2015
The COP 21 talks in Paris have attracted throngs of young people—and they're tired of waiting patiently for their elders to do something.
"Technology Life-cycles in the Energy Sector — Technological Characteristics and the Role of Deployment for Innovation"
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
By Joern Huenteler, Former Associate, Energy Technology Innovation Policy (ETIP) research group, 2015–2016; Former Research Fellow, ETIP, 2013–2015, Tobias S Schmidt, Jan Ossenbrink and Volker H. Hoffmann
Understanding the long-term patterns of innovation in energy technologies is crucial for technology forecasting and public policy planning in the context of climate change. This paper analyzes which of two common models of innovation over the technology life-cycle — the product-process innovation shift observed for mass-produced goods or the system-component shift observed for complex products and systems — best describes the pattern of innovation in energy technologies.
December 1, 2015
Columbia Journalism Review
By Cristine Russell, Senior Fellow, Environment and Natural Resources Program
The initial media coverage of the two-week summit of nearly 200 countries reflected a solemn tone, as did symbolic images of empty shoes that lined the streets of Paris following French President François Hollande’s security decision to cancel the planned climate march.
This policy brief informs the debate on the potential of regional governance in the EU2030 framework by drawing on knowledge from the field of interna&onal climate policy, where different forms of polycentric governance have been discussed and researched more intensively.
October 28, 2015
By Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Benjamin Peirce Research Professor of Technology and Public Policy; Professor of Physics, Harvard; Co-Principal Investigator, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Gabe Chan, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2012–2015 and Amitai Bin-Nun, Former Associate, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2014–2016
The Federal Government has many tools at its disposal to advance energy technology innovation. It can signal markets, for example, through energy tax and regulatory policy ("market pull"), and it can advance research, development, and deployment of energy technologies ("technology push"). Both of these kinds of tools can be effective, but the most effective policy portfolio balances a combination of these policies.
"Public Policy and Financial Resource Mobilization for Wind Energy in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Approaches and Outcomes in China and India"
Global Environmental Change, volume 35
By Kavita Surana, Former Associate, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2015–2016; Former Postdoctoral Fellow, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2013–2015 and Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
The authors analyze and contrast how China and India mobilized financial resources to build domestic technological innovation systems in wind energy.
September 29, 2015
Scientists from three universities demonstrate that buying a product made in China causes significantly higher carbon dioxide emissions than purchasing the same product made elsewhere.
Nature Climate Change
By Zhu Liu, Associate, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Steven J Davis, Kuishuang Feng, Klaus Hubacek, Sai Liang, Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Bin Chen, Jingru Liu, Jinyue Yan and Dabo Guan
International trade has become the fastest growing driver of global carbon emissions, with large quantities of emissions embodied in exports from emerging economies. International trade with emerging economies poses a dilemma for climate and trade policy: to the extent emerging markets have comparative advantages in manufacturing, such trade is economically efficient and desirable. However, if carbon-intensive manufacturing in emerging countries such as China entails drastically more CO2 emissions than making the same product elsewhere, then trade increases global CO2 emissions.