Joseph M. Parent (continued)
International Security, issue 36, volume 4
Kyle Haynes and William R. Thompson respond to Paul K. MacDonald and Joseph M. Parent's spring 2011 International Security article, "Graceful Decline? The Surprising Success of Great Power Retrenchment."
"Husbanding resources is simply sensible. In the competitive game of power politics, states must unsentimentally realign means with ends or be punished for their profligacy. Attempts to maintain policies advanced when U.S. relative power was greater are outdated, unfounded, and imprudent. Retrenchment policies—greater burden sharing with allies, less military spending, and less involvement in militarized disputes—hold the most promise for arresting and reversing decline."
International Security, issue 4, volume 35
There is broad scholarly consensus that the relative power of the United States is declining and that this decline will have negative consequences for international politics. This pessimism is justified by the belief that great powers have few options to deal with acute relative decline. Retrenchment is seen as a hazardous policy that demoralizes allies and encourages external predation. Faced with shrinking means, great powers are thought to have few options to stave off decline short of preventive war. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, however, retrenchment is not a relatively rare and ineffective policy instrument. A comparison of eighteen cases of acute relative decline since 1870 demonstrates that great powers frequently engage in retrenchment and that retrenchment is often effective. In addition, we find that prevailing explanations overstate the importance of democracies, bureaucracies, and interest groups in inhibiting retrenchment. In fact, the rate of decline can account for both the extent and form of retrenchment, even over short periods. These arguments have important implications for power transition theories and the rise of China.
International Security, issue 1, volume 33
Joseph Parent and Joseph Bafumi reply to the Fall 2007 International Security article, "Dead Center: The Demise of Liberal Internationalism in the United States," by Charles Kupchan and Peter Trubowitz.
International Security, issue 2, volume 26
By Roland Paris
In considering recent efforts to redefine international security in terms of human security, the author argues that the term is still "so vague that it verges on meaninglessness—and consequently offers little practical guidance to academics who might be interested in applying the concept, or to policymakers who must prioritize among competing policy goals."
Christopher S. Parker
"New Weapons for Old Problems: Conventional Proliferation and Military Effectiveness in Developing States"
International Security, issue 4, volume 23
In the wake of the Cold War, much concern has been expressed over the tremendous growth in the international arms trade. The author seeks to clarify the consequences of increased arms sales to developing countries.
International Security, issue 1, volume 30
By T.V. Paul
Analysts have argued that balance of power theory has become irrelevant to understanding state behavior in the post–Cold War international system dominated by theUnited States, yet some second-tier and emerging states have engaged in soft-balancing strategies, including the formation of temporary coalitions and institutional bargaining, mainly within the United Nations, to constrain the power as well as the threatening behavior of the United States.
International Security, issue 3, volume 33
By Wendy Pearlman, Former Research Fellow, Intrastate Conflct Program/International Security Program, 2007-2008
The explanation that peace processes fail in part because of spoilers who use violence to maximize gains vis-à-vis their external opponents ignores the crucial role that domestic politics play in constraining and motivating actors. Interested parties, for example, are more likely to negotiate or spoil when they lack a system of legitimate representation, and whether or not these internal pressures lead groups to negotiate or spoil depends on the actors’ policy preferences and the balance of power in the community. Two eras in the history of the Palestine national movement demonstrate that actors were motivated as much by the conflict with Israel as by the internal dynamics of the Palestinian cause.
International Security, issue 3, volume 39
Anit Mukherjee and George Perkovich respond to Gaurav Kampani's spring 2014 International Security article, "New Delhi's Long Nuclear Journey: How Secrecy and International Roadblocks Delayed India's Weaponization."
Michael Bang Peterson
International Security, issue 2, volume 36
Viewing coalitions through the lens of evolutionary psychology leads to several hypotheses that can help generate important predictions about group behavior. For example, studies show that humans represent coalitions as a special category of relatively unreliable individual, which has implications for theories on conflict and cooperation among states. The study of psychological mechanisms also indicates that factors such as a man’s strength, whether or not a woman has children, and the size of a coalition can help predict whether or not an individual will support an aggressive foreign policy.