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"The São Paulo Proposal for an Agreement on Future International Climate Policy"

"The São Paulo Proposal for an Agreement on Future International Climate Policy"

Discussion Paper 09-31, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

October 2009

Authors: Erik Haites, Farhana Yamin, Niklas Höhne

The Harvard Project on Climate Agreements Discussion Paper Series

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

 

SUMMARY

The São Paulo Proposal is designed to create a stable, long-term, universal regime based on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Such a regime is required to encourage the technological change and structural shifts necessary to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations. Richer countries adopt binding targets that become more stringent over time. Financial and institutional provisions to enhance developing country implementation of mitigation and adaptation actions are strengthened. Over time they "graduate" to binding commitments based on their individual circumstances. Adaptation and technology are given prominent roles and significantly increased funding. Coordination of key domestic policies, including national emissions trading systems, energy efficiency standards, and fossil fuel subsidies, is enhanced. Specified emissions — such as those from international bunkers, a specific industry or a sub-national region of a non-party — can be addressed through sectoral agreements. Parties would have the option to impose trade sanctions on non-parties.

 

For more information about this publication please contact the Harvard Project on Climate Agreements Coordinator at 617-496-8054.

For Academic Citation:

Haites, Erik, Farhana Yamin, and Niklas Höhne. "The São Paulo Proposal for an Agreement on Future International Climate Policy." Discussion Paper 09-31, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, October 2009.

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