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"Governmental Energy Innovation Investments, Policies and Institutions in the Major Emerging Economies: Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa"

Windmills generating electricity for South Africa's electric company Eskom seen near Brackenfell on the outskirts of Cape Town, South Africa, Jan 29, 2008.
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"Governmental Energy Innovation Investments, Policies and Institutions in the Major Emerging Economies: Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa"

Discussion Paper 2010-16, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

November 2010

Authors: Ruud Kempener, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2009–2011, Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy; Associate Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-PI, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Jose Condor Tarco, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2008–2009

Belfer Center Discussion Papers

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Energy Technology Innovation Policy; Environment and Natural Resources; Science, Technology, and Public Policy

 

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, countries with emerging economies like Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa have become important global players in political and economic domains. In 2007, these six countries consumed and produced more than a third of the world's energy and emitted about 35 percent of total greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions. The changing global energy landscape has important implications for energy technology innovation (ETI) nationally and internationally. However, there is limited information available about the investments and initiatives that are taking place by the national governments within these countries. This paper presents the information available on energy RD&D investments in the emerging economies. 

This working paper also provides a comparative systemic analysis of government-initiated ETI activities in six major emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa (the BRIMCS countries).  The aim of this analysis is to allow the identification of opportunities for collaboration within the governments of the BRIMCS countries and between the governments of the BRIMCS countries and those of other countries. These collaborations could take the form of cooperation or could involve coordination of activities in different countries.

The analysis distinguishes between three analytically separate, but interrelated components of a country's innovation system: (1) the administrative entities and procedures that set the direction of government support for ETI activities; (2) the allocation mechanisms for energy research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) support; and (3) the most important energy technology innovation institutions (ETIIs) and policies (ETIPs) that the government puts in place to accelerate ETI. Each country analysis concludes with a comparative framework that provides a simple and systematic overview of the number of policies that each country uses to support the different stages, actors, and functions of its energy technology innovation system.

On the basis of these comparative frameworks and the data gathered, the study concludes with three high-level recommendations for areas where the BRIMCS countries can cooperate or coordinate with each other to accelerate ETI.

 

Read a policy brief based on this discussion paper: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/20615/

 

 

For more information about this publication please contact the ETIP Coordinator at 617-496-5584.

For Academic Citation:

Kempener, Ruud, Laura D. Anadon, and Jose Condor. "Governmental Energy Innovation Investments, Policies and Institutions in the Major Emerging Economies: Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, China, and South Africa." Discussion Paper 2010-16, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, November 2010.

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