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"Is China Ready for Its Nuclear Expansion?"

A Chinese staffer is seen at the head office of Areva China in Shanghai, Nov. 5, 2010. French nuclear reactor maker Areva signed a $3 billion deal with China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corp to supply 20,000 tonnes of uranium over 10 years,
AP Photo

"Is China Ready for Its Nuclear Expansion?"

Journal Article, Energy Policy, volume 39, issue 2, pages 771-781

February 2011

Authors: Yun Zhou, Former Associate, Project on Managing the Atom (MTA), 2013–2014; Former Research Fellow, International Security Program (ISP)/MTA, 2011–2013; Former Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow, ISP/MTA, 2010–2011; Former Research Fellow, ISP/MTA, 2009–2010, Christhian Rengifo, Peipei Chen, Jonathan Hinze

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: International Security; Managing the Atom; Science, Technology, and Public Policy



China's rapid pace of nuclear energy growth is unique, and its impact on the global nuclear market as both a customer and potential future supplier is already tremendous and will continue to expand. It is crucial to understand this energy policy development and its impact on various global areas. Unfortunately, there is relatively limited English-language information available about China's nuclear power industry and its current development. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of the Chinese nuclear energy program and policy, reviewing its past, present, likely future developments, as well as to consider potential challenges that deserve further attention. This paper will explore reasons that have caused the existing industry, describe China's nuclear bureaucracy and decision making process to understand how different stakeholders play a role in China's nuclear energy development. This study concludes that China's existing nuclear program and industry, in combination with its current stable economic and political environment, provides a sound foundation for the planned nuclear expansion. However, challenges which are crucial to the success of the nuclear expansion will need to be addressed.


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For more information about this publication please contact the MTA Program Assistant at 617-495-4219.

For Academic Citation:

Zhou, Yun, Christhian Rengifo, Peipei Chen, and Jonathan Hinze. "Is China Ready for Its Nuclear Expansion?." Energy Policy 39, no. 2 (February 2011): 771-781.

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