Muslim Brotherhood Shura council members gather to be photographed outside their new headquarters in Cairo, Egypt, Apr. 30, 2011. The once outlawed Muslim Brotherhood says it will contest half of the seats in Egypt's parliamentary elections.
"God's Partisans Are Back"
April 17, 2011
Authors: Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs., Daniel Philpott, Timothy Samuel Shah
"That the true intentions of a religious organization, the Muslim Brotherhood, would become the most hotly debated issue surrounding the overthrow of Egypt's president, Hosni Mubarak, would have garnered guffaws among Western intellectuals only four decades ago. At that time, virtually all of themóall of usówere in the grip of secularization theory: the belief that religion was a dying supernova, enjoying its final glow before disappearing from history.
America's foreign-policy establishment is still under the theory's spell. On February 10, the director of national intelligence, James R. Clapper, told a Congressional committee that the Brotherhood is a "largely secular" organization. With equal glibness, other analysts have declared the Brotherhood an extremist sect intent on establishing a violent theocracy. When David Ignatius, of The Washington Post, was in Tahrir Square for a "Victory March," he found the sight of Egyptians staging mass prayers "unnerving." Such is the subtlety of our secularist outlooks. We regard religious people as either not truly religious or as irrational, violent, and scary.
But if American foreign-policy makers want to promote democracy and stability, they must come to realize that secularism is a poor analytical tool. The great surprise of the past generation has been the resurgence of religion's influence. Despite a powerful array of secularizing regimes, ideologies, and social trends, religion has not only outlasted its most ferocious 20th-century rivals, but in many cases, it also appears poised to supplant them. The Brotherhood is a perfect example: An organization that survived decades of harsh repression is now in a position to wield considerable influence in Egypt...."
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