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"China's Commercial Reactors"

A view of the Ling'ao Nuclear Power Plant in Daya Bay, near Shenzhen, south China, Mar. 11, 2011. The Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant was the 1st commercial nuclear power plant on China's mainland.
AP Photo

"China's Commercial Reactors"

Power Market Developments

Magazine or Newspaper Article, Nuclear Engineering International, China Supplement, pages 22-23

February 2012

Authors: Jonathan Hinze, Yun Zhou, Former Associate, Project on Managing the Atom (MTA), 2013–2014; Former Research Fellow, International Security Program (ISP)/MTA, 2011–2013; Former Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow, ISP/MTA, 2010–2011; Former Research Fellow, ISP/MTA, 2009–2010

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: International Security; Managing the Atom; Science, Technology, and Public Policy


"Considering China's place in the world today, it is worth noting that the pace of reactor technology development in China was rather slow from the beginning of the commercial nuclear power program in the 1980s through around 2000. An important early decision was to focus the commercial nuclear program solely on pressurized water reactor (PWR) technology — a decision that is credited to the "grandfather of China's nuclear program," former Premier Li Peng.

Early on, China was able to master its own smaller PWR design and also gained valuable experience through the first PWRs to be imported from Framatome (now Areva) at Daya Bay. The CNP-300 reactor deployed at Qinshan Phase I, which was based on the nuclear propulsion reactor designed by China’s military for its submarines, was an important first step in Chinese reactor development and was led by Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute (SNERDI). The localization efforts that began at Daya Bay and which were followed through to the latest Lingao Phase 2 project represents the first successful integration of nearly every aspect of modern nuclear reactor technology by China. The result of this two-decade localization process was the CPR-1000 design, also known as the M310+, which is a significantly advanced version of the 157 fuel assembly PWR series deployed at 34 reactors in France. In fact, the CNP-600 design, which was the successor to the CNP-300, borrowed numerous technical features from the early units built at Daya Bay. This cross-fertilization of reactor technology concepts between the imported designs and local designs is still happening today...."

A proof of the entire article may be downloaded below.


For more information about this publication please contact the MTA Program Assistant at 617-495-4219.

For Academic Citation:

Hinze, Jonathan and Yun Zhou. "China's Commercial Reactors." Nuclear Engineering International China Supplement, February 2012.

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