"The Rocky Road of Nuclear Diplomacy With Iran"
Op-Ed, Arms Control Today
July/ August 2012
Author: Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
The following is an excerpt from Olli Heinonen's article, "The Rocky Road of Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran", published in Arms Control Today. For full text of the article, click here.
It soon will be a decade since the West—initially the EU-3 of France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, later joined by China, Russia, and the United States to form the P5+1—embarked on a diplomatic process in 2003 to find a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear crisis.
In spite of these efforts, Iran continues to raise its uranium enrichment to higher levels, increase its stockpile of fissile material, and remain opaque over the military-related aspects of its nuclear program. These issues will continue to be a fundamental part of the discussions.
Iran’s increasing enrichment capacity, together with its reported possession of a crude design of a nuclear weapon, shows that Iran is positioning itself as a virtual or latent nuclear-weapon state. Given the risks involved for a potential breakout from the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, a more intrusive and timely inspection system, as well as Iran’s agreement to implement an additional protocol to its safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), would be required.
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