The layout of nuclear facilities in Iran
Nuclear Iran: A Glossary of Terms
April 2013 Update
INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY concerning Iranís nuclear program continues to center on the countryís compliance with agreements designed to ensure that peaceful nuclear work is not used as a cover for the develop≠ment of nuclear weapons. The challenge of discovering what may be going on in Iran is difficult not only because of Tehranís obstructionism, but also because the same technologies, particularly uranium enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing, can be used for both civilian and military purposes.
This Policy Focus is intended to improve comprehension of the main issues and important technical details surrounding the program. The core of the document explains the terms used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the worldís watchdog in ensuring that nuclear science and technology are used for peaceful purposes only. Separate sections offer explanations of basic nuclear terms and the use of centrifuges for uranium enrichment. In addition, because some of Iranís technology came from nuclear-armed Pakistan, another section is devoted to explaining the main portions of Islamabadís program. And since media coverage often compares sus≠pected Iranian nuclear work to initial U.S. development of atomic weapons in the mid-1940s, the basic terms often used in describing this history are defined separately.
In addition, this online report includes an interactive index that provides quick, hyperlinked access to all of the terms discussed in the various glossaries. By clicking on a term in this index, users can instantly jump to the page on which it appears, then click another link to return to the index.
Simon Henderson is the Baker fellow and director of the Gulf and Energy Policy Program at The Washington Institute. He has lived in both Pakistan and Iran and has written extensively on nuclear proliferation.
Olli Heinonen, a senior fellow at Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, previously served as deputy director-general and head of the Department of Safeguards at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, inspecting facilities in Iran and other countries.
Watch online as Institute proliferation expert Simon Henderson and former IAEA deputy director-general Olli Heinonen share a new study on the Iranian nuclear program and international responses and discuss the latest developments ahead of a key IAEA report on Tehran's atomic activities.
- Nuclear Iran Glossary.pdf (3.3 MB PDF)
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