Belfer Center Home > Publications > Academic Papers & Reports > Journal Articles > Missions-oriented RD&D Institutions in Energy Between 2000 and 2010: A Comparative Analysis of China, the United Kingdom, and the United States

EmailEmail   PrintPrint Bookmark and Share

 
"Missions-oriented RD&D Institutions in Energy Between 2000 and 2010: A Comparative Analysis of China, the United Kingdom, and the United States"

Dong Energy's Nick Brodigan on an offshore wind turbine's base platform, Gunfleet Sands Wind Farm off the coast of Brightlingsea, Essex, Apr. 24, 2009. The Carbon Trust launched a global competition for new designs of offshore wind turbine foundations.
AP Photo

"Missions-oriented RD&D Institutions in Energy Between 2000 and 2010: A Comparative Analysis of China, the United Kingdom, and the United States"

Journal Article, Research Policy, volume 41, issue 10, page 1742–1756

December 2012

Author: Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy; Associate Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-PI, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Energy Technology Innovation Policy; Environment and Natural Resources; Science, Technology, and Public Policy

 

ABSTRACT

In the first decade of the 21st century, governments in many countries around the world expanded or redesigned their support for the development and deployment of advanced energy-supply and energy-demand technologies. By analyzing the institutions that have been created to stimulate energy technology innovation in the United States, the United Kingdom, and China—three countries with very different sizes, political systems and cultures, natural resources, and histories of involvement in the energy sector—this paper highlights how variations in national objectives and industrial and political environments have translated into variations in policy. The analysis shows that the countries' activities differ in terms of three general elements: whether the government's various activities are coordinated or autonomous, whether the business community is significantly involved in the design and running of the initiatives, and whether the implementing institutions focus on single or multiple missions and innovation types. These differences constitute different types of governments' attempts to activate the state-industry innovation complex. The paper concludes with a discussion of the trade-offs involved in the design of systems for public support of energy RD&D, points to possible gaps in the government approaches to support energy RD&D, and highlights areas of future research.

 

Read the article here (log in may be required): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733312002211

 

For more information about this publication please contact the ETIP Coordinator at 617-496-5584.

Full text of this publication is available at:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733312002211

For Academic Citation:

Anadon, Laura Diaz. "Missions-oriented RD&D Institutions in Energy Between 2000 and 2010: A Comparative Analysis of China, the United Kingdom, and the United States." Research Policy 41, no. 10 (December 2012): 1742–1756.

Bookmark and Share

"Transforming U.S. Energy Innovation"
By Laura Diaz Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Gabe Chan, Melissa Chan, Charles Jones, Ruud Kempener, Audrey Lee, Nathaniel Logar and Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti

Transforming the Energy Economy: Options for Accelerating the Commercialization of Advanced Energy Technologies
By Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Laura Diaz Anadon, Hanna Breetz, Matthew Bunn, Henry Lee and Erik Mielke

"Energy Innovation Policy in Major Emerging Countries"
By Ruud Kempener, Laura Diaz Anadon and Jose Condor Tarco

"U.S. Public Energy Innovation Institutions and Mechanisms: Status & Deficiencies"
By Laura Diaz Anadon, Matthew Bunn, Charles Jones and Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti

SUBSCRIBE

Receive email updates on the most pressing topics in science and int'l affairs.

<em>International Security</em>

The Summer 2014 issue of the quarterly journal International Security
is now available!

Events Calendar

We host a busy schedule of events throughout the fall, winter and spring. Past guests include: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, former Vice President Al Gore, and former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev.