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Weak and Failing States: Critical new Security Issues

Journal Article, Turkish Policy Quarterly, volume 3, issue 2, pages 57-69

Summer 2004

Author: Robert Rotberg, Director, Program on Intrastate Conflict and Conflict Resolution

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Intrastate Conflict Program


This article defines the nature of state failure and explains the differences between strong, weak, failing, failed, and collapsed states. Rotberg argues that failing states are a particular worry to the security of the twenty-first century. The role of the European Union and NATO in approaching the issue of failed states, and the deficiencies of EU and NATO policy are noted. Methods of preventing state failure are discussed, along with indicators that provide early warning for failure.


For Academic Citation:

Rotberg, Robert I. "Weak and Failing States: Critical new Security Issues." Turkish Policy Quarterly 3, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 57-69.

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