"Pakistan Through the Lens of the 'Triple A' Theory"
Journal Article, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, volume 30, issue 1, pages 181-192
Author: Hassan Abbas, Former Senior Advisor, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
How has a state whose founding fathers were secular people who believed in rule of law and democracy drifted toward religious extremism and authoritarianism? Three primary factors—variations on the Triple A theory of influence (Allah, the Army, and America)—have led Pakistan down this path: a powerful independent military, the mushrooming of religious militant groups, and the hydra-headed monster that is the intelligence services.
- abbasfletcherforumarticle.pdf (116K PDF)
For more information about this publication please contact the ISP Program Coordinator at 617-496-1981.
For Academic Citation: