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"Energy-Technology Innovation"

"Energy-Technology Innovation"

Journal Article, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, volume 31, pages 193-237


Authors: Ambuj D. Sagar, Visiting Scholar, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, John P. Holdren, Former Director and Faculty Chair, Science, Technology and Public Policy Program, Kelly Sims Gallagher, Member of the Board

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Energy Technology Innovation Policy; Environment and Natural Resources; Science, Technology, and Public Policy



Energy-technology innovation (ETI) is the set of processes leading to new or improved energy technologies that can augment energy resources; enhance the quality of energy services; and reduce the economic, environmental, or political costs associated with energy supply and use. Advances achieved through ETI have made large contributions to the improvement of the human condition over the past 100 years. Still more will be required of ETI during the decades ahead if civilization is to succeed in meeting what we believe are the three greatest energy challenges still before it: reducing dependence on oil, drastically upgrading the energy services provided to the world's poor, and providing the energy required to increase and sustain prosperity everywhere without wrecking the global climate with the emissions from fossil-fuel burning. This will require significant enhancements to ETI through deeper analysis of ETI processes, greater investments in ETI, improved innovation policies, and better coordination and partnerships across sectors and countries.


For more information about this publication please contact the ETIP Coordinator at 617-496-5584.

Full text of this publication is available at:

For Academic Citation:

Gallagher, Kelly Sims, John P. Holdren, and Ambuj D. Sagar. "Energy-Technology Innovation." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31 (2006): 193-237.

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Energy Technology Innovation Policy

The Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group (ETIP) seeks to determine and promote the adoption of effective strategies for developing and deploying cleaner and more efficient energy technologies.

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