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"When Good Fences Make Bad Neighbors: Fixed Borders, State Weakness, and International Conflict"

"When Good Fences Make Bad Neighbors: Fixed Borders, State Weakness, and International Conflict"

Journal Article, International Security, volume 31, issue 3, pages 139-173

Winter 2006/07

Author: Boaz Atzili, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program, 2006-2008

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: International Security; Quarterly Journal: International Security

 

ABSTRACT

Since the end of World War II, the norm of fixed borders—the proscription against foreign conquest and annexation of homeland territory—has gained prevalence in world politics. Although the norm seeks to make the world a more peaceful place, it may instead cause it to become more conflict prone. Among sociopolitically weak states—states that lack legitimate and effective governmental institutions—fixed borders can actually increase instability and conflict. Adherence to the norm of fixed borders can lead to the perpetuation and exacerbation of weakness in states that are already weak or that have just gained independence. It does so by depriving states of what was traditionally the most potent incentive to increase efforts of state building: territorial pressures. By creating conditions that are rife for the spillover of civil wars and by supplying opportunities for foreign predation, sociopolitically weak states in a world of fixed borders have become a major source of interstate conflict in much of the developing world. Investigation into one case, the war in Congo, reveals the plausibility and the potential force of this argument. Good fences indeed can make bad neighbors.

 

For more information about this publication please contact the IS Editorial Assistant at 617-495-1914.

For Academic Citation:

Atzili, Boaz. "When Good Fences Make Bad Neighbors: Fixed Borders, State Weakness, and International Conflict." International Security 31, no. 3 (Winter 2006/07): 139-173.

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