March 26, 2015
By Charles G. Cogan, Associate, International Security Program
"At the conclusion of this research, and to summarize my bottom line, I would say that the NSA, while operating under the direction of higher authority, nevertheless had a mindset—typically American—of overdoing things and with it, a reflex of protecting the secrets of the organization."
March 18, 2015
The atmosphere is an example of a non-equilibrium system. This study explores the relationship among temperature, energy and entropy of the atmosphere, introducing two variables that serve to quantify the thermodynamic disequilibrium of the atmosphere.
March 2015 update
This Policy Focus is intended to improve comprehension of the main issues and important technical details surrounding Iran's nuclear program. The core of the document explains the terms used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the world’s watchdog in ensuring that nuclear science and technology are used for peaceful purposes only.
Energy, volume 82
By Yue Guo, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, September 1, 2012–September 30, 2013, Peng Ru, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Policy Innovation Research Group/Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2007–2008, Jun Su, Former Research Fellow, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2001–2002 and Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy; Associate Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-PI, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group
Local acceptance of wind energy technology has become an important factor to consider when designing local and national wind energy technological innovation policies. Previous studies have investigated the factors that shape the local acceptance of wind power in high-income countries. However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, these factors had not been investigated in China. Utilizing a survey and quantitative analysis, the authors have identified the factors that are correlated with local acceptance of wind power in China.
The authors consider the role of integrated assessment models in estimating the social cost of carbon—an estimation that is important in the formulation of U.S. climate policy.
Carbon taxes, which postpone extraction of fossil fuels and reduce cumulative carbon emissions, also have economic advantages over taxes on capital.
Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, issue 1, volume 9
Delegitimization and diplomatic warfare campaigns are organized efforts to sway public opinion and national policy, and are aimed at making it difficult for nations to pursue their interests....The tools used to accomplish this include condemnation in international fora, attempts to undermine the nation's bilateral relations with other nations, and the use of the media and public events to spread negative impressions of the nation. The end goal is to compel the nation to change policies or make it a pariah, thus undermining its ability to prosper or even survive.
By Zhu Liu, Giorgio Ruffolo Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Sustainability Science Program/Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Kuishuang Feng, Klaus Hubacek, Sai Liang, Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy; Associate Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-PI, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Chao Zhang, Former Giorgio Ruffolo Fellow, Sustainability Science Program/Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2012–July 2013 and Dabo Guan
Knowing the carbon emission baseline of a region is a precondition for any mitigation effort, but the baselines are highly dependent on the system boundaries for which they are calculated. On the basis of sectoral energy statistics and a nested provincial and global multi-regional input–output model, the authors calculate and compare four different system boundaries for China's 30 provinces and major cities.
Arms Control Today, issue 2, volume 45
By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom
"China is a nuclear-weapon state and rising power entering an era of particularly rapid nuclear energy growth and fuel-cycle development. China’s approach to strengthening the security of its nuclear weapons, materials, and facilities is important because of the quantity of materials involved and the role that China plays in facilitating strong global action on nuclear security..."
February 26, 2015
By Andreas Goldthau, Associate, The Geopolitics of Energy Project
International security debates surrounding the European Union (EU) energy supply challenge commonly invoke the need for more EU hard power – e.g. getting tough on Russia or engaging directly with other exporters. This article investigates whether what might be labeled ‘soft power with a hard edge’ instead amounts to a consistent policy strategy for the EU. The central argument is that the EU has turned a weakness into strength, and developed a set of tools that sharpen the way soft power is exercised in the energy sector. The article explores how soft power affects companies that ‘come and play’ on the EU market: the rules of the Single European Market (SEM) and how they affect external firms. It also assesses the long reach of the SEM: both the gravitational ‘pull’ the SEM exerts in the ‘near aboard’, and the EU's ‘push’ to facilitate the development of midstream infrastructure and upstream investment. The conclusion is that the EU regulatory state is emerging as an international energy actor in its own right. It limits the ways states like Russia can use state firms in the geopolitical game; and it exports its model into the near abroad, thus stabilizing energy supply and transit routes.