By Nick Obradovich, Postdoctoral Fellow, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program
The electoral fate of incumbent politicians depends heavily upon voters' wellbeing. Might climate change — by amplifying threats to human well-being — cause incumbent democratic politicians and parties to lose office more frequently? The author conducts the first-ever investigation of the relationship between temperature, electoral returns, and future climate change.
Military Review, issue 6, volume 96
By Kelly M. Greenhill, Research Fellow, International Security Program
ISP Research Fellow Kelly M. Greenhill provides an analysis of coercive engineered migrations, based on her book Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced
Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy.
By Calestous Juma, Professor of the Practice of International Development; Director, Science, Technology, and Globalization Project; Principal Investigator, Agricultural Innovation in Africa
"Africa's economic diplomacy will be dramatically shaped by the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) negotiations that will conclude in 2017. This builds on the Tripartite Free Trade Area covering 26 countries with 650 million people and a GDP of US$1.5 trillion. The CFTA will comprise a billion people with an initial GDP of $3 trillion. The foundations of the agreement include free trade, infrastructure development and industrialisation. This is a grand opportunity that will shape Africa's relationships with the UK, Europe and the rest of the world."
Science and Engineering Ethics
A joint effort by the University of California at Berkeley and Delft University of Technology to develop a graduate engineering ethics course for PhD students encountered two types of challenges: academic and institutional.
October 20, 2016
Small Wars Journal
By Jessica Malekos Smith, Postdoctoral Fellow, Cyber Security Project
"Admittedly, international norms do not blossom into fully-grown gardens overnight. What the CEPP Test does offer, however, is a proverbial seed, which if properly cultivated could take root in the international legal system."
October 2, 2016
By William H. Tobey, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
This article reviews the motivations, strengths, and weaknesses of the Nuclear SecuritySummits (NSS), both procedurally and substantively.
October 1, 2016
"Can the Green Economy Deliver It All? Experiences of Renewable Energy Policies with Socio-economic Objectives"
Applied Energy, volume 179
The Green Economy (GE) paradigm aims to reconcile environmental and socio-economic objectives. Policies to deploy renewable energy (RE) are widely perceived as a way to tap the potential synergies of these objectives. It is, however, still largely unclear whether the potential of simultaneously achieving both environmental and socio-economic objectives can be fully realized, and whether and how multiple objectives influence policy design, implementation, and evaluation. The authors aim to contribute to this aspect of GE research by looking at selected country experiences of renewable energy deployment with respect to the socio-economic goals of job creation or energy access.
Survival, issue 5, volume 58
By Ben Buchanan, Postdoctoral Fellow, Cyber Security Project
Encryption's new normal is changing the way in which states assert their sovereignty at home and abroad. Cryptography has gone mainstream. Now more than ever, encryption is used by ordinary citizens, often without their knowledge, and is a subject of national debate.
August 27, 2016
Progress in Nuclear Energy
Cooperation between states has been essential for global nu- clear power development from its inception, due to the techno- logical complexity of nuclear energy and the uneven distribution of uranium resources worldwide. International cooperation has suc- cessfully resulted in the peaceful introduction of nuclear power to numerous countries, but has also contributed to the proliferation of nuclear weapons in several cases. With the acceleration of the globalization process, the integration of the once-divided global nuclear industry, and the emergence of new proliferation risks since the end of the Cold War (such as new nuclear weapon states, rogue proliferators, or nuclear terrorism), it is necessary to under- stand the nature of civil nuclear cooperation, and its implication on nuclear nonproliferation and export control regimes.
Nature Energy, volume 1
By Laura Diaz Anadon, Associate, Environment and Natural Resources Program, Gabe Chan, Former Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, 2012–2015, Amitai Bin-Nun, Former Associate, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, 2014–2016 and Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Benjamin Peirce Research Professor of Technology and Public Policy, Science, Technology, and Pubic Policy Program
Accelerating the development and deployment of energy technologies is a pressing challenge. Doing so will require policy reform that improves the efficacy of public research organizations and strengthens the links between public and private innovators. With their US$14 billion annual budget and unique mandates, the US National Laboratories have the potential to critically advance energy innovation, yet reviews of their performance find several areas of weak organizational design. This article discusses the challenges the National Laboratories face in engaging the private sector, increasing their contributions to transformative research, and developing culture and management practices to better support innovation. The authors also offer recommendations for how policymakers can address these challenges.