October 24, 2016
Op-Ed, Foreign Policy
By Stephen M. Walt, Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Affairs; Faculty Chair, International Security Program
"...[B]y far the worst argument for intervening in Syria is the suggestion that greater U.S. involvement is necessary to preserve U.S. credibility, to maintain its reputation as a distinctly moral great power, or to preserve the respect of allies and adversaries alike. The historical record shows that not intervening in humanitarian tragedies has had little impact on America’s standing in the past, and the same is true today."
By Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Benjamin Peirce Research Professor of Technology and Public Policy, Science, Technology, and Pubic Policy Program and Tolu Odumosu, Associate, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program/Project on Technology, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age
Cycles of Invention and Discovery offers an in-depth look at the real-world practice of science and engineering. It shows how the standard categories of "basic" and "applied" have become a hindrance to the organization of the U.S. science and technology enterprise. Tracing the history of these problematic categories, the authors document how historical views of policy makers and scientists have led to the construction of science as a pure ideal on the one hand and of engineering as a practical (and inherently less prestigious) activity on the other. Even today, this erroneous but still widespread distinction forces these two endeavors into separate silos, misdirects billions of dollars, and thwarts progress in science and engineering research.
October 21, 2016
"Compared to other terrorist groups and even legitimate governments around the world, ISIS has done fairly well with security policies in the area (at least better than the Baghdad government). However, that is not the case when it comes to other public concerns."
By Zhu Liu
Climate change driven by anthropengic carbon emissions is one of the
most serious challenges facing human development. China is currently
the world’s largest developing country, primary energy consumer,
and carbon emitter. The nation releases one quarter of the global total
of carbon dioxide (9.2 Gt CO2 in 2013), 1.5 times that from the US.
Nearly three-quarters (73%) of the growth in global carbon emission
between 2010 and 2012 occurred in China. Without mitigation, China’s
emissions could rise by more than 50% in the next 15 years. Given
the magnitude and growth rate of China’s carbon emissions, the country
has become a critical partner in developing policy approaches to
reduce global CO2 emissions.
China is a country with significant regional differences in terms of
technology, energy mix, and economic development.1 Understanding
the characteristics and state of regional carbon emissions within China
is critical for designing geographically appropriate mitigation policies,
including the provincial cap and trade system that is projected to be
lanuched in 2017. In this study, I summarize the key features and drivers
of China’s regional carbon emissions and conclude with suggestions
for a low carbon policy for China.
The principal findings are:
(1) Provincial aggregated CO2 emissions increased from 3 billion tons
in 2000 to 10 billion tons in 2016. During the period, Shandong province
contributed most to national emissions, followed by Liaoning,
Hebei, and Shanxi provinces. Most of the CO2 emissions were from raw
coal, which is primarily burned in the manufacturing and the thermal
(2) Significant differences exist among provinces in terms of CO2 emissions.
Analyses of per capita emissions and emission intensity indicate
that provinces located in the northwest and north had higher per capita
CO2 emissions and greater emission intensities than the central and
southeast coastal regions. Developing areas have intensive resource use and their economic structure is dominated by heavy industries with higher
sectoral emission intensity. These areas contribute to most of the growth
in national emissions and are the main drivers of China’s carbon intensive
(3) An analysis of the factors that affect China’s CO2 emissions shows that
technology heterogeneity is directly connected to China’s carbon growth.
The dissimilar rate of adoption of energy efficient technologies among
regions is a major barrier to China’s CO2 mitigation, and thus needs more
attention from researchers and policy makers.
October 20, 2016
Op-Ed, The Huffington Post
"As the U.S. Congress considers the appropriate role for the federal government in the encryption debate, policymakers should be mindful of the impact of their actions both within and beyond the United States. To date, the U.S. and Europe are on one side of an Internet governance spectrum favoring the multi-stakeholder status quo with India in the middle, followed by China, and Russia undertaking the most state-centric approach to both Internet governance generally and encryption specifically."
"When It Is Unfamiliar To Me: Local Acceptance Of Planned Nuclear Power Plants In China In The Post-Fukushima Era"
Many contributions have been made in the studies of the factors that influence public acceptance of nuclear power. However, previous studies seldom focused on nuclear power plants in the planning stage. Actually public perception is usually more sensitive at the preliminary planning stage of a nuclear power station. Mainly utilizing questionnaire survey and focus group methods, we have identified the factors that are correlated with local acceptance of planned nuclear power plants in China.
October 20, 2016
Journal Article, Small Wars Journal
By Jessica Malekos Smith, Postdoctoral Fellow, Cyber Security Project
"Admittedly, international norms do not blossom into fully-grown gardens overnight. What the CEPP Test does offer, however, is a proverbial seed, which if properly cultivated could take root in the international legal system."
October 19, 2016
By Nicholas Burns, Roy and Barbara Goodman Family Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Relations, Harvard Kennedy School
'Conversations in Diplomacy' is the Future of Diplomacy Project's podcast series. In this installment of “Conversations in Diplomacy," the Project's Faculty Director, Nicholas Burns, speaks with Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former NATO Secretary General and Prime Minister of Norway.
October 19, 2016
By Melissa Hathaway, Senior Advisor, Cyber Security Project
Melissa Hathaway participated in the European Security Forum's Cyber Security Conference 2016 in Krakow Poland. This conference is one of just a few regular public policy conferences devoted to the strategic issues of cyberspace and cybersecurity in Europe. She presented key elements of the Cyber Readiness Index 2.0 and discussed areas for better private-public cooperation.
October 17, 2016
Op-Ed, Foreign Policy
By Emile Simpson, Ernest May Fellow in History and Policy, International Security Program
"Trying to predict the long-term outcome of conflicts of the sort that have engulfed Iraq and Syria is a fool's game. While the conflicts in Syria and Iraq have dragged on for years, the complex religious wars in Europe they resemble lasted more than a century. Although the fall of Mosul and Aleppo would mark the boundary between one military phase of the conflict and another, the underlying politics of the conflict are still in a mess."