August 19, 2014
Op-Ed, Wall Street Journal
By John M. Deutch, International Council Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
"President Obama has put energy and the environment at the top of his second-term agenda. The focus has been on climate change, and on exploiting the unexpected plenty of North American oil, gas and energy technology. The administration's progress has been notable...," writes John Deutch.
"The president's highest priority is to reduce the carbon-dioxide emissions of existing electricity generating power plants....The projected CO2 reductions—about 30% below 2005 levels by 2030—are reasonable and shouldn't significantly increase industry or consumer costs."
"Ideational Change and the Emergence of the International Norm of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions"
Journal Article, European Journal of International Relations, issue 3, volume 20
By Michal Ben-Josef Hirsch, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program (ISP), 2012–2014; Former Associate, ISP, 2009–2012; Former Research Fellow, ISP, 2007–2009
This article traces the emergence of the international norm of truth and reconciliation commissions. In the debates that followed the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, truth and reconciliation commissions shifted from being seen as a political compromise to being regarded as a 'holistic' tool for social and political reconstruction and came to be associated with multiple democratizing effects. Truth and reconciliation commissions also shifted from being the 'weaker alternative' to trials to a practice that is morally equal and complementary to the judicial option. Taken as a whole, these changes in the expected utility, morality, and specification of truth and reconciliation commissions facilitated their emergence and consequent institutionalization as an international norm.
Journal Article, Journal of International Security Affairs
By William H. Tobey, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Senior Fellow William H. Tobey evaluates the effectiveness of President Obama's policies to stem the threats of nuclear proliferation and terrorism.
By Henrik Larsen, Research Fellow, International Security Program
This report assesses the relationship between Europe and Russia as the sum of great power reactions to the Ukrainian crisis and Russia's annexation of Crimea. Despite agreement on a no business-as-usual principle, important national nuances have arisen stemming from different historical bonds to eastern Europe and Russia (Germany, Poland, United States) or different interests in the region (France, United Kingdom).
August 14, 2014
Op-Ed, The Huffington Post
By Charles G. Cogan, Associate, International Security Program
"The extreme jihadi fringe of Sunni Islam, in its incarnation as ISIS (now the Islamic State) has embarked on a policy of forced conversion or alternatively death against the minority Kurdish sect, the Yazidis and against Iraqi Christians. This leaves the rest of Muslims in no position to object to attacks on an obscurantist organization — ISIS — which is carrying out wholesale murder of minorities representing other religions. Furthermore, it is a situation utterly intolerable to the international community."
By Ariane Tabatabai, Stanton Nuclear Security Predoctoral Fellow, International Security Program/Project on Managing the Atom
In this chapter, Ariane Tabatabai examines the relationship between changes in Iranian domestic politics and the country's role in regional security in the Middle East. By doing so, she assesses the challenges and opportunities faced by the Iranian government in engaging with the rest of the region, underlining the particular areas of potential cooperation for Iran and key regional actors.
August 14, 2014
Op-Ed, Boston Globe
By Nicholas Burns, Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics, Harvard Kennedy School
This week, Professor Burns' Boston Globe column discusses the two most serious global crises of the Obama Presidency--Putin's aggression in Ukraine and the disintegration of Iraq with the rise of ISIS.
August 14, 2014
Op-Ed, Foreign Affairs
By Barak Mendelsohn, Research Fellow, International Security Program
"In other words, ISIS would steal a page right out of al Qaeda's playbook. And that puts more pressure on al Qaeda. After all, if ISIS wins vast territory in the heart of the Middle East, implements Islamic governance, and battles apostate regimes and their backers, al Qaeda will — after refusing to do so — have to give its full support to ISIS. Already, ISIS supporters are calling all jihadi forces to stand behind Omar al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIS. As a result, the flow of fighters abandoning al Qaeda affiliates to join ISIS, which U.S. intelligence has already observed, is likely to increase."
August 13, 2014
Op-Ed, Foreign Policy
By Stephen M. Walt, Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Affairs; Faculty Chair, International Security Program
"...[I]t's clear Clinton understands George W. Bush blew it big-time, and that repeating his mistakes will doom the next president as well. What's less clear is why she didn't openly embrace the more prudent policies that both her husband and her former boss championed. My guess: she was just reacting to the president's favorability ratings and pandering to the usual suspects, which is what anyone running for office is likely to do these days."
By Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy; Associate Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-PI, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Matthew Bunn, Professor of Practice; Co-Principal Investigator, Project on Managing the Atom and Venkatesh "Venky" Narayanamurti, Benjamin Peirce Professor of Technology and Public Policy; Professor of Physics, Harvard; Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Co-Principal Investigator, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group
How much should the U.S. government invest on energy R&D, and where should those investments be focused? How can the government work with the private sector to accelerate energy innovation? This book addresses these and other important questions to meet the energy challenge with new analytical methods and data.