Wednesday, September 9, 2015
Op-Ed, Washington Post
By Lawrence Summers, Charles W. Eliot University Professor
Two weeks ago, I argued that a Federal Reserve decision to raise rates in September would be a serious mistake. As I wrote my column, the market was assigning a 50 percent chance to a rate hike. The current chance is 34 percent. Having followed the debate among economists, Fed governors andbank presidents, I believe the case against a rate increase has become somewhat more compelling than it looked even two weeks ago.
September 8, 2015
Op-Ed, Project Syndicate
By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor
"...[T]he boots on the ground must be Sunni. The presence of foreign or Shia troops reinforces the Islamic State's claim of being surrounded and challenged by infidels. So far, thanks largely to effective Kurdish forces, who are overwhelmingly Sunni, the Islamic State has lost some 30% of the territory it held a year ago. But deploying additional Sunni infantry requires training, support, and time, as well as pressure on Iraq's Shia-dominated central government to temper its sectarian approach"
September 4, 2015
Op-Ed, USA Today
By Ashton B. Carter, Former Co-Director, Preventive Defense Project, Harvard & Stanford Universities
Nineteen years ago, I was in Ukraine when the last nuclear warheads, orphaned during the Soviet Union’s breakup, rolled out of the country. As an assistant secretary of Defense at the time, I had worked with Washington colleagues and foreign counterparts to eliminate those nuclear weapons and thus one danger at the dawn of the post-Cold War world. Together — with bipartisan support in Congress led by Sens. Sam Nunn, a Democrat, and Richard Lugar, a Republican — we succeeded.
Today, the Iran deal provides the opportunity to address an even greater nuclear threat. Congress should support it because, once implemented, the deal will remove a critical source of risk and uncertainty in a vitally important but tumultuous region.
September 8, 2015
Op-Ed, Real Clear Politics
If Iran can deny inspectors access to military sites, it will create an enormous sanctuary for clandestine nuclear weapons work. The Parchin site alone encompasses hundreds of buildings spread over a dozen square miles. If military sites in Iran are off limits to IAEA inspection, the “strongest nonproliferation agreement ever negotiated” will include the largest loophole in arms control history.
September 8, 2015
What do George W. Bush’s deputy national security adviser and ambassador to India, President Obama’s lead Iran negotiator, and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff have in common? All are joining Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs as senior fellows, non resident. Robert Blackwill, Wendy Sherman, and Admiral James “Sandy” Winnefeld will bring to the Center recent experience in addressing challenges of national security, provide guidance for the center’s pre- and post-doctoral fellows and students, and work with other faculty and fellows in producing research products.
Op-Ed, Iran Task Force
By Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Inspections at Parchin are again in the limelight. Questions and concerns have been raised over whether the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is getting the requisite physical access to the site to collect meaningful information. These questions are salient since Parchin—where the IAEA has long had questions about high-explosive work connected to the possible military dimensions (PMDs) of Iran’s nuclear program and subsequently, about the years of sanitization carried out at the base—will likely become the standard for access given to other military and suspect sites under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Journal Article, Nature, volume 524
By Zhu Liu, Associate, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Dabo Guan, Wei Wei, Steven J Davis, Philippe Ciais, Jin Bai, Shushi Peng, Qiang Zhang, Klaus Hubacek, Gregg Marland, Robert J. Andres, Douglas Crawford-Brown, Jintai Lin, Hongyan Zhao, Chaopeng Hong, Thomas A. Boden, Kuishuang Feng, Glen P. Peters, Fengming Xi, Junguo Liu, Yuan Li, Yu Zhao, Ning Zeng and Kebin He
The authors findings suggest that overestimation of China's emissions in 2000–2013 may be larger than China's estimated total forest sink in 1990–2007 or China's land carbon sink in 2000–2009. The revisions of the Chinese emissions are substantial enough that they may lead to adjustments in the Global Carbon Cycle.
Monday, September 7, 2015
Op-Ed, Financial Times
By Robert B. Zoellick, Non-resident Senior Fellow
President Xi Jinping’s visit to Washington this month could be as consequential for the world economy as then-vice premier Deng Xiaoping’s American tour of 1979.
September 7, 2015
"A takeover of Syria by the self-proclaimed Islamic State or Syrian rebel groups would also prove dangerous. Heinous as it is, Bashar al-Assad's regime still has many assets to lose in a confrontation with Israel and can thus be deterred. It will take time for non-state actors to develop similar assets."
By Kelly Sims Gallagher, Member of the Board and Laura Diaz Anadon, Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Member of the Board, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
This document contains September 2015 updates to our database on U.S. government investments in energy research, development, demonstration, and deployment (ERD3) through the Department of Energy. The database, in Microsoft Excel format, tracks DOE appropriations from FY 1978–2015 and the 2016 budget request and includes funding for ERD3 from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. It also includes several charts.