Legal Standards and Autonomy Options for Minorities in China: The Tibetan Case is a resource for strengthening minority rights and autonomy arrangements in the ethnic Tibetan areas in China. Rather than attempt to address all 55 of China's minority groups, the report focuses on the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and Tibetans in the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, Yunnan, and Sichuan. Effective autonomy would enhance, not impair, China's sovereignty and territorial integrity while reinforcing its stated commitment to the rule of law. Autonomy is also the best and most realistic way to preserve Tibetan culture.
By Steven E. Miller, Director, International Security Program; Editor-in-Chief, International Security; Co-Principal Investigator, Project on Managing the Atom
August 9, 2004
By Graham Allison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Douglas Dillon Professor of Government, Harvard Kennedy School
Graham Allison, founding dean of Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, a former top official at the Pentagon, and one of America’s leading scholars of nuclear strategy and national security, presents the evidence and argument that led him to two provocative conclusions: a nuclear terrorist attack on an American city is inevitable on our current course and speed, but preventable if we act now.
Since the end of the Cold War, Turkey has moved from the periphery to occupy the very center of Eurasian security. It is a critical participant in NATO and aspires to become a member of the European Union. The pivotal role that Turkey plays in Southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Caucasus has profound implications for the international arena and spawns vital debates over the directions of Turkish foreign policy.
By Robert Rotberg, Director, Program on Intrastate Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Jens Meierhenrich, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program, 2004-2005 and David Carment, Former Research Fellow, Intrastate Conflict Program/International Security Program, 2000-2001
Since 1990, more than 10 million people have been killed in the civil wars of failed states, and hundreds of millions more have been deprived of fundamental rights.
Language policy is a sensitive issue in most countries. In countries where more than one language is spoken—the vast majority of countries—language policies affect the ability of individuals and groups to participate in government, to be treated fairly by governmental agencies, to have access to government services, to take advantage of educational opportunities, and to pursue economic success.
By Monica Duffy Toft, Former Associate Professor of Public Policy; Former Board Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Former Director, Initiative on Religion and International Affairs
This book addresses the crucial role of territory in explaining ethnic violence. The theory of indivisible territory is explored in an attempt to explain why some conflicts turn violent and others do not. The case studies consist of Russia in relation to the Chechens and Tartars and Georgia in relation to the Abkhaz and Ajars, roughly from 1990 to 1994.
By Robert Rotberg, Director, Program on Intrastate Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Nasrin Dadmehr, Former Research Fellow, Intrastate Conflict Program/International Security Program, 2000-2001 and Erin Jenne, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program and Intrastate Conflict Program, 2000-2002
The threat of terror has given the problem of failed states an unprecedented immediacy and importance. In the past, failure had a primarily humanitarian dimension, with fewer implications for peace and security. Now nation-states that fail, or may do so, pose dangers to themselves, to their neighbors, and to people around the globe. The contributors to this volume develop an innovative theory of state failure that classifies and categorizes states along a continuum from weak to failed to collapsed.
By Brenda Shaffer, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program, 1999–2007; Former Research Director, Caspian Studies Program, 2000–2005; Former Research Director, Caspian Studies Project, 2005–2007
The Azerbaijani people have been divided between Iran and the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan for more than 150 years, yet they have retained their ethnic identity. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of an independent Azerbaijan have only served to reinforce their collective identity.