NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
No Date (continued)
By Robert N. Stavins, Albert Pratt Professor of Business and Government; Member of the Board; Director, Harvard Project on Climate Agreements
Environmental policies consits of two components: the identification of an overall goal and some means to achieve that goal. This essay considers the second component, the means- the "instruments"--of environmental policy, and it focuses, in particular, on the use of economic-incentive or market-based policy instruments.
By Henry Lee, Director, Environment and Natural Resources Program
This needs a short description
Journal Article, Journal of Risk Research, issue 3, volume 3
Journal Article, Negotiation Journal, issue 2, volume 13
By Charles Foster, Former Research Fellow, Environment and Natural Resources Program
An organism, as defined by the American Heritage Dictionary, is an "individual form of life, such as a plant or animal; a body made up of organs, organelles, or other parts that work together to carry on the various processes of life." In order to live, an organism requires essential elements or resources such as food, water, space, and energy, which it acquires from its physical environment. To help obtain these resources, the organism occupies a particular niche in the larger biological ecosystem of which it is a part. This may involve cooperative, co-evolutionary, or even competitive relationships with other organisms and species. Over time, the organism (and often the entire species it represents) must adapt its behavior to a changing environment and ultimately evolve to compete successfully in an ever-dynamic biological system.