SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
June 9, 2014
Op-Ed, Technology+Policy | Innovation@Work
By Sujata K. Bhatia, Associate, Science, Technology, and Globalization
"While other disciplines in basic science aim to understand reality, engineers ultimately seek to build a new reality, a better place for everyone. When I pursued my education in biomedical engineering, and worked in the hospitals and clinics, I saw engineering everywhere. Engineering was needed for manufacturing the pharmaceuticals, designing the intravenous infusion pumps, programming the electronic medical records. I found that biomedical engineers were as much a part of patient care as nurses and physicians. Similarly, mechanical engineers and civil engineers contribute to transportation; environmental engineers contribute to sustainability and energy; and electrical engineers contribute to communications."
June 8, 2014
Op-Ed, Wall Street Journal
By Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor
"For some time, many people at home and abroad have bought into the myth of American decline. Increasing dependence on energy imports was often cited as evidence. The shale revolution changes that dependence and demonstrates the combination of entrepreneurship, property rights and capital markets that are this country's underlying strength."
June 4, 2014
By Bryan Galcik
Harvard Project on Climate Agreements collaborator and Professor of Economics at Harvard University Martin Weitzman discussed the potential of carbon taxes and cap-and-trade programs to deal with climate change. He also expressed his concerns regarding geoengineering.
"The Nonproliferation Emperor Has No Clothes: The Gas Centrifuge, Supply-Side Controls, and the Future of Nuclear Proliferation"
Journal Article, International Security, issue 4, volume 38
By R. Scott Kemp, Former Associate, Project On Managing the Atom, 2012–2014
Policymakers have long focused on preventing nuclear weapons proliferation by controlling technology. Even developing countries, however, may now possess the technical ability to create nuclear weapons. The history of gas centrifuge development in twenty countries supports this perspective. To reduce the demand for nuclear weapons, policymakers will have look toward the cultural, normative, and political organization of the world.
"Susan Hockfield Challenges Students, Universities to “Invent the Future” by Blending Biology and Engineering"
Newsletter Article, Belfer Center Newsletter
Susan Hockfield, former president of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a member of the Belfer Center Board of Directors, delivered the 2014 Edwin L. Godkin Lecture in March on the role universities can play in shaping the future.
May 9, 2014
Op-Ed, The Daily Nation
By Calestous Juma, Professor of the Practice of International Development; Director, Science, Technology, and Globalization Project; Principal Investigator, Agricultural Innovation in Africa
"...[A]ll major infrastructure projects should include specific engineering education objectives as part of performance. Expansion of telecoms infrastructure should include support for new electronics engineering schools. Examples of such efforts include the role of telecoms ministries in creation of new technology universities in Egypt, Ghana and Kenya."
April 28, 2014
Op-Ed, The National Interest
By Susan Hockfield, Member of the Board, Belfer Center for Science and International Affais
Imagine a world where nanoparticle “smart bombs” selectively destroy cancer cells. Where batteries made by nontoxic viruses unleash the full potential of alternative energy. And where synthetic biofuels power our cars and free us from fossil fuels.
April 4, 2014
By Matthew Bunn, Professor of Practice; Co-Principal Investigator, Project on Managing the Atom and Scott Sagan, Former Research Fellow, International Security Program, 1981-1982; Editorial Board Member, Quarterly Journal: International Security
Insider threats are perhaps the most serious challenges that nuclear security systems face. Insiders perpetrate a large fraction of thefts from heavily guarded non-nuclear facilities as well, yet organizations often find it difficult to understand and protect against insider threats. Why is this the case? Part of the answer is that there are deep organizational and cognitive biases that lead managers to downplay the threats insiders pose to their nuclear facilities and operations. But another part of the answer is that those managing nuclear security often have limited information about incidents that have happened in other countries or in other industries, and the lessons that might be learned from them.
Journal Article, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
By Kavita Surana, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, Ananth Chikkatur, Former Associate, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group and Ambuj D. Sagar, Associate, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program
Energy technology innovation is the key to driving the technological changes that are necessary to meet the challenge of mitigating energy-related greenhouse gas emissions to avoid 'dangerous climate change.' Success in innovation requires the enhancement of public investment in the innovation process, the creation of markets for low-carbon technologies through stronger climate policies, and a continued focus on energy access and equity.
March 6, 2014
By Hui Zhang, Senior Research Associate, Project on Managing the Atom
Dr. Hui Zhang presented "Options for China’s Nuclear Spent Fuel Management" at the Workshop on Strategic Nuclear Issues in East Asia, Beijing, China March 5-6, 2014.